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Sustainability Science

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 263–279 | Cite as

Comparative analysis of socio-economic and environmental performances for Chinese EIPs: case studies in Baotou, Suzhou, and Shanghai

  • Haiyan ZhangEmail author
  • Keishiro Hara
  • Helmut Yabar
  • Yohei Yamaguchi
  • Michinori Uwasu
  • Tohru Morioka
Case Report

Abstract

To decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, the Chinese government proposed the circular economy (CE) strategy as part of its 11th 5-Year Plan. This strategy expands the application of CE from individual enterprises to eco-industrial parks (EIPs) and to the cities, provinces, and regions. We carried out field studies in three EIPs in Baotou, Suzhou, and Shanghai. In this paper, we discuss the current state of CE and the sustainable development of EIPs in China. We first provide detailed information on the three EIPs' infrastructures, preferential policies, CE frameworks, and eco-chains. We then examine the status of sustainable development in the three EIPs from the perspectives of socio-economic, resource and material efficiency, and environmental performance. The results indicate that the overall performance of the three EIPs is reasonably good with respect to socio-economics, resources and materials, and efficiency and environmental protection, whereas green management is rather weak and thus requires further improvement. We found that the CE frameworks along with eco-chains within the EIPs are effectively improving resource and material efficiency. Moreover, we demonstrate that there are positive associations among socio-economic, resource and material, and environmental indicators. Given the large presence of EIPs in the local economies, these results suggest that EIPs play a key role in promoting sustainable development in China.

Keywords

Eco-industrial park Circular economy Sustainable development Cleaner production Eco-industrial chains Green management 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by MEXT through Special Coordination Funds for Promoting Science and Technology as a part of the Flagship Research Project for the Development of an Asian Closed-loop Society undertaken by Osaka University.

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Copyright information

© Integrated Research System for Sustainability Science, United Nations University, and Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haiyan Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Keishiro Hara
    • 1
  • Helmut Yabar
    • 1
  • Yohei Yamaguchi
    • 2
  • Michinori Uwasu
    • 1
  • Tohru Morioka
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute for Sustainability ScienceOsaka UniversityOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of EngineeringOsaka UniversityOsakaJapan

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