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Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 409–426 | Cite as

New international borders – old social spaces: Transnational migrant networks across the boundaries of post-socialist Croatia

  • Saša BožićEmail author
  • Simona KutiEmail author
Hauptbeiträge
  • 158 Downloads

Abstract

The dissolution of Yugoslavia resulted in the emergence of new national containers, new international borders, pervasive politics of belonging and the political exclusion of a significant part of the population. New state-building and new citizenships made prewar migration within the Republics of former Yugoslavia socially and politically “visible” by producing new “aliens” and “international” migrant groups. Due to methodological nationalism, the social sciences neglected the social ties and networks between migrants in their countries of immigration and across former Yugoslavia in general, while a new transnational turn in migration research in the West produced an approach which overlooks migrant social spaces across and especially within internal borders before the emergence of new nation-states. Therefore the aim of this paper is to discuss a neglected social phenomenon – the development of the transnational social spaces of migrants across Central and Southeast Europe, using the example of migrant social ties beyond Croatian borders. We represent the emergence of migrant pluri-local social spaces and later transnational social spaces across Croatian borders and discuss processes which enabled their formation and expansion.

Keywords

Transnational social spaces Croatia Former Yugoslavia Migrant networks 

Neue internationale Grenzen – alte soziale Räume: Transnationale Migranten-Netzwerke über die Grenzen des post-sozialistischen Kroatiens hinweg

Zusammenfassung

Der Zerfall Jugoslawiens hatte die Entstehung neuer nationaler „Behälter“ zur Folge, neuer internationaler Grenzen, mit einer allgegenwärtigen Identitätspolitik und mit dem politischen Ausschuss eines wesentlichen Teils der Bevölkerung. Neue Staatsbildungen und neue Staatsbürgerschaften haben die Vorkriegsmigration zwischen den Republiken des ehemaligen Jugoslawiens sozial und politisch sichtbar gemacht und die neue „Fremde“ und „internationale Migranten“ hervorgebracht. Wegen ihres methodologischen Nationalismus vernachlässigten die Sozialwissenschaften die sozialen Beziehungen und die Netzwerke der Migranten in den Immigrationsländern und in den Nachfolgestaaten des ehemaligen Jugoslawiens allgemein. Der transnationale Umschwung in der Migrationsforschung im Westen schuf außerdem einen Zugang, der die sozialen Räume der Migranten innerhalb der internationalen Grenzen vor der Entstehung der neuen Nationalstaaten übersieht. Dementsprechend diskutiert dieser Artikel ein vernachlässigtes soziales Phänomen – die Entstehung der transnationalen sozialen Räume der Migranten in Mittel- und Südosteuropa am Beispiel der sozialen Beziehungen der Migranten über die kroatischen Grenzen hinaus. Wir erläutern die Bildung der pluri-lokalen sozialen Räume der Migranten und später der transnationalen sozialen Räume über die kroatischen Grenzen hinweg und erforschen die Prozesse, die die Formierung und Expansion dieser Räume ermöglichten.

Schlüsselwörter

Transnationale soziale Räume Kroatien Ex-Jugoslawien Migranten 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of ZadarZadarCroatia
  2. 2.Institute for Migration and Ethnic StudiesZagrebCroatia

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