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Warum Chamäleons (manchmal) beruflich erfolgreich sind

  • Klaus MoserEmail author
  • Nathalie Galais
Hauptbeiträge
  • 220 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Wenn Personen ihr Verhalten strategisch dazu einsetzen, ein berufliches Ziel zu erreichen, dann werden sie fallweise als „sozial kompetent“, aber auch als „Blender“ oder „Chamäleons“ bezeichnet. Das Konstrukt „Self-Monitoring“ vereint diese Sichtweisen, es enthält Aspekte von soziale Fertigkeiten, von Impression Management und von inkonsistentem („chamäleonartigem“) Verhalten. Wir bilanzieren die Befunde zum Karriereerfolg von Individuen mit hohem Self-Monitoring. Sie sind insbesondere geschickt darin, positive Eindrücke zu generieren und schnelle Karriereerfolge zu realisieren. Andererseits haben sie eher Schwierigkeiten, stabile berufliche Beziehungen aufzubauen, erfahren nicht nur mehr Interesse, sondern auch häufiger Ablehnung durch andere Menschen und zeigen keine überdurchschnittlichen Leistungen. Schnelle Beförderungen, Wechsel des Arbeitsgebers oder die Kontrolle der sozialen Netzwerke durch die Einnahme von Schlüsselpositionen helfen ihnen aber dabei, Karriereerfolge zu erzielen.

Schlüsselwörter

Self-Monitoring Impression Management Selbstdarstellung Karriereerfolg Netzwerke 

How it comes that chameleons are (sometimes) successful in their careers

Abstract

Individuals who strategically control their behavior to reach their professional goals may either be considered as persons with high social competence or, alternatively, as “dazzlers” or chameleons. Both of these perspectives are included in the construct of self-monitoring, as it focuses on social skills as well as on aspects of impression management and inconsistency (referring to the chameleon-like behavior). In this paper, we take stock of the findings on the career success of individuals characterized by high self-monitoring. It seems that they are particularly skilled in making a good impression on others and realizing career success (especially promotions). However, high self-monitors have also difficulties building stable relationships: Even though they attract more interest from others, they also experience rejection more often. All in all, the picture emerges that although high self-monitors do not perform above average, they do manage to reach career goals by obtaining promotions, switching between employers, controlling social networks, and holding key positions in organizations.

Keywords

Self-monitoring Impression-management Career success Networks 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Wirtschafts- und SozialpsychologieUniversität Erlangen-NürnbergNürnbergDeutschland

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