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Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 34, Issue 11, pp 2482–2489 | Cite as

Evaluation of Physician Network-Based Measures of Care Coordination Using Medicare Patient-Reported Experience Measures

  • Erika L. Moen
  • Julie P. W. Bynum
Original Research

Abstract

Background

There is significant promise in analyzing physician patient-sharing networks to indirectly measure care coordination, yet it is unknown whether these measures reflect patients’ perceptions of care coordination.

Objective

To evaluate the associations between network-based measures of care coordination and patient-reported experience measures.

Design

We analyzed patient-sharing physician networks within group practices using data made available by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.

Subjects

Medicare beneficiaries who provided responses to the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) Survey in 2016 (data aggregated by physician group practice made available through the Physician Compare 2016 Group Public Reporting).

Main Measures

The outcomes of interest were patient-reported experience measures reflecting aspects of care coordination (CAHPS). The predictor variables of interests were physician group practice density (the number of physician pairs who share patients adjusting for the total number of physician pairs) and clustering (the extent to which sets of three physicians share patients).

Key Results

Four hundred seventy-six groups had patient-reported measures available. Patients’ perception of “Clinicians working together for your care” was significantly positively associated with both physician group practice density (Est (95 % CI) = 5.07(0.83, 9.33), p = 0.02) and clustering (Est (95 % CI) = 3.73(1.01, 6.44), p = 0.007). Physician group practice clustering was also significantly positively associated with “Getting timely care, appointments, and information” (Est (95 % CI) = 4.63(0.21, 9.06), p = 0.04).

Conclusions

This work suggests that network-based measures of care coordination are associated with some patient-reported experience measures. Evaluating and intervening on patient-sharing networks may provide novel strategies for initiatives aimed at improving quality of care and the patient experience.

KEY WORDS

physician networks network analysis care coordination Physician Compare CAHPS 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge Andrew Schaefer for his assistance in obtaining the Census data and RUCA codes used in the analyses.

Funding Information

This study was supported by NIH NIA P01AG019783 and NIH NIGMS P20GM104416.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they do not have a conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11606_2019_5313_MOESM1_ESM.docx (21 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 21 kb)

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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erika L. Moen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Julie P. W. Bynum
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Data ScienceGeisel School of Medicine at DartmouthLebanonUSA
  2. 2.The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical PracticeHanoverUSA
  3. 3.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Michigan Medical SchoolAnn ArborUSA
  4. 4.Institute for Heathcare Policy and InnovationUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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