Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 34, Issue 11, pp 2310–2312 | Cite as

Gender Differences in Social and Behavioral Determinants of Health in Aging Adults

  • Elena ByhoffEmail author
  • Yorghos Tripodis
  • Karen M. Freund
  • Arvin Garg
Concise Research Reports


Adverse social determinants of health (SDOH) are associated with poor health.1 Cumulative social risk factors, such as food insecurity and social isolation, have a higher correlation with poor health outcomes than single social risk factors.2 New health policy incentives encourage implementation of social and behavioral risk screening and referral models into health care delivery.3 Understanding patient variation in facing adverse SDOH will allow policy makers and health care systems to prioritize screening for those most at risk, and develop targeted SDOH interventions. Women and men may have differing individual and cumulative social risk factors which is relevant when implementing social risk screening. The objective of this research was to examine gender differences in negative SDOH in adults as they age using nationally representative data.4


We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013–2014 survey wave to create a dataset of all...


Funding Information

The research was financially supported by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute Of Child Health & Human Development of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number K12HD092535 and the funding support of all institutes: Office Of The Director, National Institutes Of Health (OD) and National Institute Of Dental & Craniofacial Research (NIDCR).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they do not have a conflict of interest.


The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH


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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Byhoff
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yorghos Tripodis
    • 2
  • Karen M. Freund
    • 1
  • Arvin Garg
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Tufts Medical CenterTufts University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.School of Public HealthBoston UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsBoston Medical CenterBostonUSA

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