Food Insecurity, Eye Care Receipt, and Diabetic Retinopathy Among US Adults with Diabetes: Implications for Primary Care

  • Diane M. GibsonEmail author
Concise Research Reports


Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes and it is a leading cause of visual impairment and blindness in the USA.1 However, most vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy is avoidable through early detection and timely treatment and control of glucose and blood pressure levels.1 Food insecurity, which is limited or uncertain access to food because of inadequate financial resources, is common among individuals with diabetes in the USA and it has been associated with both a lower likelihood of receiving recommended eye care and poor glycemic control.2, 3This suggests that food insecurity may be a risk factor for DR-related visual impairment. The objective of this study was to examine whether food insecurity was associated with timely eye examination receipt, having DR and having lost vision due to DR among a national sample of US adults with diabetes. Previous research has not considered the associations between food insecurity and...


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Conflict of Interest

The author declares that she does not have a conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marxe School of Public and International Affairs, Baruch CollegeCity University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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