Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 34, Issue 7, pp 1094–1095 | Cite as

Lack of Association Between Age and Coronary Artery Calcification (CAC): a Cross-Sectional Study

  • Sheharyar MinhasEmail author
  • Zakaria Almuwaqqat
  • Maira Malik
  • Kathie Wu
  • Kevin Barretto
Concise Research Reports


Coronary artery disease (CAD) has both modifiable risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and non-modifiable ones including age, ethnicity, gender, and family history. These factors predispose a person to develop coronary artery calcification (CAC) which can be used to measure the extent of coronary heart disease. Stroke shares similar risk factors to CAC which has been associated with progression of atherosclerotic disease in the cerebrovascular system. The presence of CAC acts as an independent stroke predictor in the general population and CAC scores are superior to carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) for prediction of CHD and CVD events, including stroke and TIA.1 CAC score improves prediction, discrimination, and reclassification of CVD and CHD risk better than carotid ultrasound measures.

Various techniques can be used to detect calcifications including non-contrast cardiac computed tomography (CT). These results have been shown...


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they do not have a conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheharyar Minhas
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Zakaria Almuwaqqat
    • 3
  • Maira Malik
    • 4
  • Kathie Wu
    • 5
  • Kevin Barretto
    • 5
  1. 1.Rollins School of Public HealthEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medicine Nazareth HospitalPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Medicine Emory University HospitalAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Combined Military Hospital Lahore Medical CollegeLahorePakistan
  5. 5.Philadelphia College of Osteopathic MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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