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Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 844–849 | Cite as

Brief Training of Student Clinicians in Shared Decision Making: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial

  • Tammy C. Hoffmann
  • Sally Bennett
  • Clare Tomsett
  • Chris Del Mar
Original Research

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Shared decision making is a crucial component of evidence-based practice, but a lack of training in the “how to” of it is a major barrier to its uptake.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the effectiveness of a brief intervention for facilitating shared decision making skills in clinicians and student clinicians.

DESIGN

Multi-centre randomized controlled trial.

PARTICIPANTS

One hundred and seven medical students, physiotherapy or occupational therapy students undertaking a compulsory course in evidence-based practice as part of their undergraduate or postgraduate degree from two Australian universities.

INTERVENTION

The 1-h small-group intervention consisted of facilitated critique of five-step framework, strategies, and pre-recorded modelled role-play. Both groups were provided with a chapter about shared decision making skills.

MAIN MEASURES

The primary outcome was skills in shared decision making and communicating evidence [Observing Patient Involvement (OPTION) scale, items from the Assessing Communication about Evidence and Patient Preferences (ACEPP) Tool], rated by a blinded assessor from videorecorded role-plays. Secondary outcomes: confidence in these skills and attitudes towards patient-centred communication (Patient Practitioner Orientation Scale (PPOS)).

KEY RESULTS

Of participants, 95 % (102) completed the primary outcome measures. Two weeks post-intervention, intervention group participants scored significantly higher on the OPTION scale (adjusted group difference = 18.9, 95 % CI 12.4 to 25.4), ACEPP items (difference = 0.9, 95 % CI 0.5 to 1.3), confidence measure (difference = 13.1, 95 % CI 8.5 to 17.7), and the PPOS sharing subscale (difference = 0.2, 95 % CI 0.1 to 0.5). There was no significant difference for the PPOS caring subscale.

CONCLUSIONS

This brief intervention was effective in improving student clinicians’ ability, attitude towards, and confidence in shared decision making facilitation. Following further testing of the longer-term effects of this intervention, incorporation of this brief intervention into evidence-based practice courses and workshops should be considered, so that student clinicians graduate with these important skills, which are typically neglected in clinician training.

KEY WORDS

shared decision making evidence-based practice continuing medical education 

Notes

Contributors

The authors thank the students who participated in the study, staff at both universities (Sandy Brauer, Robert Nee, Chrissy Erueti, Charles Leduc, Carina Doyle) who assisted with conducting the trial, and Prof Paul Glasziou (Professor of Evidence-Based Medicine, Centre for Research in Evidence-Based Practice) for his helpful comments on the manuscript.

Funders

TH is supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC)/Primary Health Care Research Evaluation and Development Career Development Fellowship (number: 1033038) with funding provided by the Australian Department of Health and Ageing. The funders had no role in design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript. No specific funding was received to conduct this trial.

Prior Presentations

This paper was presented at the Cochrane Colloquium in Auckland, New Zealand in October 2012 and at the inaugural International Evidence-Based Health Care Conference in New Delhi, India in October 2012.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they do not have a conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11606_2014_2765_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 16.2 kb)

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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tammy C. Hoffmann
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sally Bennett
    • 2
  • Clare Tomsett
    • 2
  • Chris Del Mar
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Research in Evidence-Based Practice, Faculty of Health Sciences and MedicineBond UniversityRobinaAustralia
  2. 2.School of Health and Rehabilitation SciencesThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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