Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 25, Supplement 4, pp 593–609 | Cite as

Assessing Chronic Illness Care Education (ACIC-E): A Tool for Tracking Educational Re-design for Improving Chronic Care Education

  • Judith L. Bowen
  • Lloyd Provost
  • David P. Stevens
  • Julie K. Johnson
  • Donna M. Woods
  • Connie S. Sixta
  • Edward H. Wagner
Original Research

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Recent Breakthrough Series Collaboratives have focused on improving chronic illness care, but few have included academic practices, and none have specifically targeted residency education in parallel with improving clinical care. Tools are available for assessing progress with clinical improvements, but no similar instruments have been developed for monitoring educational improvements for chronic care education.

AIM

To design a survey to assist teaching practices with identifying curricular gaps in chronic care education and monitor efforts to address those gaps.

METHODS

During a national academic chronic care collaborative, we used an iterative method to develop and pilot test a survey instrument modeled after the Assessing Chronic Illness Care (ACIC). We implemented this instrument, the ACIC-Education, in a second collaborative and assessed the relationship of survey results with reported educational measures.

PARTICIPANTS

A combined 57 self-selected teams from 37 teaching hospitals enrolled in one of two collaboratives.

ANALYSIS

We used descriptive statistics to report mean ACIC-E scores and educational measurement results, and Pearson’s test for correlation between the final ACIC-E score and reported educational measures.

RESULTS

A total of 29 teams from the national collaborative and 15 teams from the second collaborative in California completed the final ACIC-E. The instrument measured progress on all sub-scales of the Chronic Care Model. Fourteen California teams (70%) reported using two to six education measures (mean 4.3). The relationship between the final survey results and the number of educational measures reported was weak (R2 = 0.06, p = 0.376), but improved when a single outlier was removed (R2 = 0.37, p = 0.022).

CONCLUSIONS

The ACIC-E instrument proved feasible to complete. Participating teams, on average, recorded modest improvement in all areas measured by the instrument over the duration of the collaboratives. The relationship between the final ACIC-E score and the number of educational measures was weak. Further research on its utility and validity is required.

KEY WORDS

chronic care ambulatory care graduate medical education assessment quality improvement 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the California Healthcare Foundation generously supported the academic chronic care collaboratives that served as the basis for this work.

Conflict of Interest

None disclosed.

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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judith L. Bowen
    • 1
  • Lloyd Provost
    • 2
  • David P. Stevens
    • 3
  • Julie K. Johnson
    • 4
  • Donna M. Woods
    • 5
  • Connie S. Sixta
    • 6
  • Edward H. Wagner
    • 7
  1. 1.Oregon Health and Science UniversityPortlandUSA
  2. 2.Associates in Process ImprovementAustinUSA
  3. 3.The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical PracticeLebanonUSA
  4. 4.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of New South WalesKensingtonAustralia
  5. 5.Feinberg School of MedicineNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  6. 6.UTHSC School of NursingHoustonUSA
  7. 7.MacColl Institute for Healthcare InnovationGroup Health Center for Health StudiesSeattleUSA

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