Practice Changes Associated with the Department of Veterans Affairs′ Family Care Collaborative
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The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides rehabilitation for veterans with moderate to severe war injuries through four regional Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (PRCs). To standardize and improve care provided to these veterans′ family members, health services researchers partnered with program leaders and rehabilitation specialists to implement a family care quality improvement collaborative.
To describe practice changes associated with the Family Care Collaborative′s intervention.
Cross-site, mixed-method evaluation.
Rehabilitation interdisciplinary team members (n = 226) working at the four participating sites.
The collaborative developed and implemented in a 6-month pilot a web-based tool to standardize and promote family-centered care.
Provider survey of family care, satisfaction with family care, and perceived competence in working with families; specific practice changes at each site; provider and facilitator perceptions of the collaborative work; and a validated measure to predict likelihood of success of the selected intervention.
Family-centered practices and satisfaction improved at sites with lower baseline scores (P < 0.05) and was equivalent across sites after the pilot. Providers initiated specific family-centered practices that often began at one site and spread to the others through the collaborative. Sites standardized family education and collaboration. Providers believed that the collaborative produced a “culture change” from patient-centered to family-centered care and viewed program leadership and health services researchers' involvement as crucial for success. Scores on the measure to predict successful implementation of the intervention beyond the pilot were promising.
Collaboratives that bring together clinicians, program leaders, and researchers may be useful for fostering complex change involving interdisciplinary teams.
KEY WORDSrehabilitation family-centered care veterans collaborative attitude of health personnel patient care team implementation evaluation polytrauma practice change
This project was supported through a VA Health Services Research and Development Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) Locally Initiated Project (LIP) (PLY 05-184-3). In addition, we would like to thank the Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center clinicians who participated in the collaborative; Amy Gravely, MS, who conducted the statistical analysis; and Nancy Rettmann, MS, who helped format the manuscript, both with the Minneapolis VA Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research. Last, we would like to acknowledge the developers of the Organizational Change Manager, David Gustafson, PhD, and Harry Steudel, PhD, from the University of Wisconsin, who provided consultation on the Organizational Change Manager.
Conflict of Interest
VA HSR&D Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) Locally
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