Hospital Case Volume and Clinical Outcomes for Peptic Ulcer Treatment
No study has explored the volume–outcome relationship for peptic ulcer treatment.
To investigate the association between peptic ulcer case volume per hospital, on the one hand, and in-hospital mortality and 14-day readmission rates, on the other, using a nationwide population-based dataset.
A retrospective cross-sectional study, set in Taiwan.
There were 48,250 peptic ulcer patients included. Each patient was assigned to one of three hospital volume groups: low-volume (≤189 case), medium volume (190–410 cases), and high volume (≥411 cases).
Logistic regression analysis employing generalized estimating equations was used to examine the adjusted relationship of hospital volume with in-hospital mortality and 14-day readmission.
After adjusting for other factors, results showed that the likelihood of in-hospital mortality for peptic ulcer patients treated by low-volume hospitals (mortality rate = 0.68%) was 1.6 times (p < 0.05) that of those treated in high-volume hospitals (mortality rate = 0.72%) and 1.4 times (p < 0.05) that of those treated in medium-volume hospitals (mortality rate = 0.73%). The adjusted odds ratio of 14-day readmission likewise declined with increasing hospital volume, with the odds of 14-day readmission for those patients treated by low-volume hospitals being 1.5 times (p < 0.001) greater than for high-volume hospitals and 1.3 times (p < 0.01) greater than for medium-volume hospitals.
We found that, after adjusting for other factors, peptic ulcer patients treated in the low-volume hospitals had inferior clinical outcomes compared to those treated in medium-volume or high-volume ones.
KEY WORDSulcer volume–outcome mortality
Conflict of Interest
- 1.Sonnenberg A. Peptic ulcer. In: Everhart, JE, eds. Digestive diseases in the United States: epidemiology and impact. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health; 1994:359–408NIH publication no. 94–1447.Google Scholar
- 14.Jones RH, Hannan EL, Hammermeister KE, et al. Identification of preoperative variables needed for risk adjustment of short-term mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The Working Group Panel on the Cooperative CABG Database Project. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1996;28:1478–87.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar