Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 7, pp 1101–1104 | Cite as

Internal Medicine Clerkship Directors’ Perceptions About Student Interest in Internal Medicine Careers

  • Karen E. HauerEmail author
  • Mark J. Fagan
  • Walter Kernan
  • Matthew Mintz
  • Steven J. Durning
Original Article



Experienced medical student educators may have insight into the reasons for declining interest in internal medicine (IM) careers, particularly general IM.


To identify factors that, according to IM clerkship directors, influence students’ decisions for specialty training in IM.


Cross-sectional national survey.


One hundred ten institutional members of Clerkship Directors in IM.


Frequency counts and percentages were reported for descriptive features of clerkships, residency match results, and clerkship directors’ perceptions of factors influencing IM career choice at participating schools. Perceptions were rated on a five-point scale (1 = very much pushes students away from IM careers; 5 = very much attracts students toward IM careers).


Survey response rate was 83/110 (76%); 80 answered IM career-choice questions. Clerkship directors identified three educational items attracting students to IM careers: quality of IM faculty (mean score 4.3, SD = 0.56) and IM rotation (4.1, SD = 0.67), and experiences with IM residents (3.9, SD = 0.94). Items felt most strongly to push students away from IM careers were current practice environment for internists (mean score 2.1, SD = 0.94), income (2.1, SD = 1.08), medical school debt (2.3, SD = 0.89), and work hours in IM (2.4, SD = 1.05). Factor analysis indicated three factors explaining students’ career choices: value/prestige of IM, clerkship experience, and exposure to internists.


IM clerkship directors believe that IM clerkship experiences attract students toward IM, whereas the income and lifestyle for practicing internists dissuade them. These results suggest that interventions to enhance the practice environment for IM could increase student interest in the field.

Key Words

career choice education, medical, undergraduate medical students, workforce 



We gratefully acknowledge the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine Research Committee and staff, and Patricia O’Sullivan, EdD, for statistical assistance.

Funding Support

The Shadyside Hospital Foundation of Pittsburgh, PA, and the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation.

Conflict of interest statement

None disclosed.


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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen E. Hauer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mark J. Fagan
    • 2
  • Walter Kernan
    • 3
  • Matthew Mintz
    • 4
  • Steven J. Durning
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  3. 3.Yale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  4. 4.George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA
  5. 5.USUHSBethesdaUSA

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