Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 275–282

The Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption and Glycemic Control Among Patients with Diabetes: The Kaiser Permanente Northern California Diabetes Registry

  • Ameena T. Ahmed
  • Andrew J. Karter
  • E. Margaret Warton
  • Jennifer U. Doan
  • Constance M. Weisner
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11606-007-0502-z

Cite this article as:
Ahmed, A.T., Karter, A.J., Warton, E.M. et al. J GEN INTERN MED (2008) 23: 275. doi:10.1007/s11606-007-0502-z

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Alcohol consumption is a common behavior. Little is known about the relationship between alcohol consumption and glycemic control among people with diabetes.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the association between alcohol consumption and glycemic control.

DESIGN

Survey follow-up study, 1994–1997, among Kaiser Permanente Northern California members.

PATIENTS

38,564 adult diabetes patients.

MEASUREMENTS

Self-reported alcohol consumption, and hemoglobin A1C (A1C), assessed within 1 year of survey date. Linear regression of A1C by alcohol consumption was performed, adjusted for sociodemographic variables, clinical variables, and diabetes disease severity. Least squares means estimates were derived.

RESULTS

In multivariate-adjusted models, A1C values were 8.88 (lifetime abstainers), 8.79 (former drinkers), 8.90 (<0.1 drink/day), 8.71 (0.1–0.9 drink/day), 8.51 (1–1.9 drinks/day), 8.39 (2–2.9 drinks/day), and 8.47 (≥3 drinks/day). Alcohol consumption was linearly (p < 0.001) and inversely (p = 0.001) associated with A1C among diabetes patients.

CONCLUSIONS

Alcohol consumption is inversely associated with glycemic control among diabetes patients. This supports current clinical guidelines for moderate levels of alcohol consumption among diabetes patients. As glycemic control affects incidence of complications of diabetes, the lower A1C levels associated with moderate alcohol consumption may translate into lower risk for complications.

Key words

diabetes alcohol consumption hemoglobin A1C 

Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ameena T. Ahmed
    • 1
  • Andrew J. Karter
    • 1
  • E. Margaret Warton
    • 1
  • Jennifer U. Doan
    • 2
  • Constance M. Weisner
    • 1
  1. 1.Kaiser Permanente Division of ResearchOaklandUSA
  2. 2.Permanente Medical GroupMilpitasUSA

Personalised recommendations