Factors Affecting Physicians’ Responses to Patients’ Requests for Antidepressants: Focus Group Study
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The ways in which patients’ requests for antidepressants affect physicians’ prescribing behavior are poorly understood.
To describe physicians’ affective and cognitive responses to standardized patients’ (SPs) requests for antidepressants, as well as the attitudinal and contextual factors influencing prescribing behavior.
Focus group interviews and brief demographic questionnaires.
Twenty-two primary care physicians in 6 focus groups; all had participated in a prior RCT of the influence of patients’ requests on physicians’ prescribing.
Iterative review of interview transcripts, involving qualitative coding and thematic analysis.
Physicians participating in the focus groups were frequently unaware of and denied the degree to which their thinking was biased by patient requests, but were able to recognize such biases after facilitated reflection. Common affective responses included annoyance and empathy. Common cognitive reactions resulted in further diagnostic inquiry or in acquiescing to the patient’s demands to save time or build the patient–clinician relationship. Patients’ requests for medication prompted the participants to err on the side of overtreating versus careful review of clinical indications. Lack of time and participants’ attitudes—toward the role of the patient and the pharmaceutical ads—also influenced their responses, prompting them to interpret patient requests as diagnostic clues or opportunities for efficiency.
This study provides a taxonomy of affective and cognitive responses to patients’ requests for medications and the underlying attitudes and contextual factors influencing them. Improved capacity for moment-to-moment self-awareness during clinical reasoning processes may increase the appropriateness of prescribing.
KEY WORDSpatient requests antidepressants antidepressive agents doctor-patient communication patient-physician relationship depression advertising focus groups primary care physicians
The authors would like to express their gratitude to Camille S. Cipri and Judy Lardner for their assistance with recruitment and project coordination, and to all the physicians who took the time out of their schedules to participate in these focus groups.
This research was funded by the National Institute of Mental Health 5 R01 MH064683-03, RL Kravitz, PI.
Conflict of Interest
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