Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 379–382 | Cite as

Employing the Electronic Health Record to Improve Diabetes Care: A Multifaceted Intervention in an Integrated Delivery System

  • Valerie Weber
  • Frederick Bloom
  • Steve Pierdon
  • Craig Wood
Innovations in Clinical Practice

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Type 2 diabetes is one of the nation’s most prevalent chronic diseases. Although well-known practice guidelines exist, real-life clinical performance often falls short of benchmarks.

AIM

Employ an electronic registry derived from a fully integrated electronic health record (EHR) as the cornerstone of an intervention to improve compliance with recommended diabetes performance measures in an integrated practice network.

SETTING

Geisinger Health System’s network of 38 practice sites providing care to over 20,000 persons with diabetes located in a 40-county region of central and northeastern Pennsylvania.

PROGRAM DESCRIPTION

A multidisciplinary group of physicians worked to create a “bundle” of best practice measures for diabetes. This measurement tool was then used as part of a multifaceted intervention to improve physician performance in diabetes care, including audit and feedback, computerized reminders, and financial incentives. Changes in performance of individual measures and the total “bundle” were tracked monthly over 1 year.

PROGRAM EVALUATION

Significant increases were seen in all measures of diabetes care over the 12-month period of the study. Vaccination for pneumococcal disease and influenza improved from 56.5% to 80.8% (p < .0001) and 55.1% to 71.0% (p < .0001), respectively. The percentage of patients with ideal glucose control (HBA1c < 7.0) increased from 32.2% to 34.8% (p < .001), and blood pressure control (<130/80) improved from 39.7% to 43.9% (p < .0001). The overall number of patients receiving all 9 “bundled” measurements improved from 2.4% to 6.5% (p < .0001).

DISCUSSION

Diabetes care improved significantly in response to a multifaceted intervention featuring the use of an EHR-derived registry in an integrated delivery system. More work is needed to demonstrate that such improvements will translate into improved patient health outcomes.

KEY WORDS

electronic health record diabetes care multifaceted intervention integrated delivery system 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Sandra Buckley for her editorial assistance and Dr. Mark Selna for his contributions and coordination of the implementation of the project.

Conflicts of interest

None disclosed.

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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valerie Weber
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Frederick Bloom
    • 2
  • Steve Pierdon
    • 2
  • Craig Wood
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of General Internal MedicineGeisinger Health SystemDanvilleUSA
  2. 2.Division of Community PracticeGeisinger Health SystemDanvilleUSA
  3. 3.Center for Health ResearchGeisinger Health SystemDanvilleUSA
  4. 4.Geisinger Medical CenterDanvilleUSA

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