Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 22, Issue 10, pp 1422–1428

Authentic Community as an Educational Strategy for Advancing Professionalism: A National Evaluation of the Healer’s Art Course

  • Michael W. Rabow
  • Judith Wrubel
  • Rachel Naomi Remen
Original Article



Efforts to promote medical professionalism often focus on cognitive and technical competencies, rather than professional identity, commitment, and values. The Healer’s Art elective is designed to create a genuine community of inquiry into these foundational elements of professionalism.


Evaluations were obtained to characterize course impact and to understand students’ conceptions of professionalism.


Qualitative analysis of narrative course evaluation responses.


Healer’s Art students from U.S. and Canadian medical schools.


Analysis of common themes identified in response to questions about course learning, insights, and utility.


In 2003–2004, 25 schools offered the course. Evaluations were obtained from 467 of 582 students (80.2%) from 22 schools participating in the study. From a question about what students learned about the practice of medicine from the Healer’s Art, the most common themes were “definition of professionalism in medicine” and “legitimizing humanism in medicine.” The most common themes produced by a question about the most valuable insights gained in the course were “relationship between physicians and patients” and “creating authentic community.” The most common themes in response to a question about course utility were “creating authentic community” and “filling a curricular gap.”


In legitimizing humanistic elements of professionalism and creating a safe community, the Healer’s Art enabled students to uncover the underlying values and meaning of their work—an opportunity not typically present in required curricula. Attempts to teach professionalism should address issues of emotional safety and authentic community as prerequisites to learning and professional affiliation.


professionalism community doctor–patient relationship humanism 


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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael W. Rabow
    • 1
  • Judith Wrubel
    • 2
  • Rachel Naomi Remen
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of MedicineUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, Department of MedicineUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Family and Community Medicine, Institute for the Study of Health and Illness at CommonwealUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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