Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 625–631 | Cite as

The Role of Medical Education in Reducing Health Care Disparities: The First Ten Years of the UCLA/Drew Medical Education Program

  • Michelle Ko
  • Kevin C. Heslin
  • Ronald A. Edelstein
  • Kevin Grumbach
Original Article

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)/Charles R. Drew University Medical Education Program was developed to train physicians for practice in underserved areas. The UCLA/Drew Medical Education Program students receive basic science instruction at UCLA and complete their required clinical rotations in South Los Angeles, an impoverished urban community. We have previously shown that, in comparison to their UCLA counterparts, students in the Drew program had greater odds of maintaining their commitment to medically disadvantaged populations over the course of medical education.

OBJECTIVE

To examine the independent association of graduation from the UCLA/Drew program with subsequent choice of physician practice location. We hypothesized that participation in the UCLA/Drew program predicts future practice in medically disadvantaged areas, controlling for student demographics such as race/ethnicity and gender, indicators of socioeconomic status, and specialty choice.

DESIGN

Retrospective cohort study.

PARTICIPANTS

Graduates (1,071) of the UCLA School of Medicine and the UCLA/Drew Medical Education Program from 1985–1995, practicing in California in 2003 based on the address listed in the American Medical Association (AMA) Physician Masterfile.

MEASUREMENTS

Physician address was geocoded to a California Medical Service Study Area (MSSA). A medically disadvantaged community was defined as meeting any one of the following criteria: (a) federally designated HPSA or MUA; (b) rural area; (c) high minority area; or (d) high poverty area.

RESULTS

Fifty-three percent of UCLA/Drew graduates are located in medically disadvantaged areas, in contrast to 26.1% of UCLA graduates. In multivariate analyses, underrepresented minority race/ethnicity (OR: 1.57; 95% CI: 1.10–2.25) and participation in the Drew program (OR: 2.47; 95% CI: 1.59–3.83) were independent predictors of future practice in disadvantaged areas.

CONCLUSIONS

Physicians who graduated from the UCLA/Drew Medical Education Program have higher odds of practicing in underserved areas than those who completed the traditional UCLA curriculum, even after controlling for other factors such as race/ethnicity. The association between participation in the UCLA/Drew Medical Education Program and physician practice location suggests that medical education programs may reinforce student goals to practice in disadvantaged communities.

KEY WORDS

medical education health care disparities UCLA/Drew program 

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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michelle Ko
    • 1
  • Kevin C. Heslin
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ronald A. Edelstein
    • 4
  • Kevin Grumbach
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Health ServicesUCLA School of Public HealthLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Research Centers in Minority InstitutionsCharles R. Drew University of Medicine and ScienceLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.Academic AffairsCharles R. Drew University of Medicine and ScienceLos AngelesUSA
  5. 5.Department of Family and Community MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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