Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp 382–386 | Cite as

Decreased alcohol consumption in outpatient drinkers is associated with improved quality of life and fewer alcohol-related consequences

  • Kevin L. KraemerEmail author
  • Stephen A. Maisto
  • Joseph Conigliaro
  • Melissa McNeil
  • Adam J. Gordon
  • Mary E. Kelley
Brief Reports


This study’s objective was to determine whether changes in alcohol consumption are associated with changes in quality of life and alcohol-related consequences in an outpatient sample of drinkers. Two hundred thirteen subjects completed the Short Form 36-item (SF-36) Health Survey and the Short Inventory of Problems at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Subjects who sustained a 30% or greater decrease in drinks per month reported improvement in SF-36 Physical Component Summary (P=.058) and Mental Component Summary (P=.037) scores and had fewer alcohol-related consequences (P<.001) when compared to those with a <30% decrease. These findings suggest another benefit of alcohol screening and intervention in the primary care setting.

Key Words

alcohol drinking alcohol dependence alcohol abuse quality of life health status 


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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin L. Kraemer
    • 3
    Email author
  • Stephen A. Maisto
    • 1
  • Joseph Conigliaro
    • 3
    • 2
  • Melissa McNeil
    • 3
  • Adam J. Gordon
    • 3
    • 2
  • Mary E. Kelley
    • 2
  1. 1.the Department of PsychologySyracuse UniversitySyracuse
  2. 2.the Center for Health Services ResearchVA Pittsburgh Healthcare SystemPittsburgh
  3. 3.Center for Research on Health Care, Division of General Internal MedicineUniversity of PittsburghPittsburgh

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