The Short-Term Outcomes of Gastric Cancer Patients Based on a Proposal for a Novel Classification of Perigastric Arteries

  • Shuai Shen
  • Shougen Cao
  • Haitao Jiang
  • Shanglong Liu
  • Xiaodong Liu
  • Zequn Li
  • Dan Liu
  • Yanbing ZhouEmail author
Original Article



To establish a novel classification of perigastric arteries by computerized tomography angiography (CTA) and discuss its influence in patients’ short-term clinical outcomes.


The clinical data were analyzed retrospectively from 680 gastric cancer patients. The types of the perigastric artery were classified according to CTA image and we compared the short-term clinical outcomes.


The perigastric arteries can be divided into seven categories. Type I, trifurcation of the celiac trunk (CT) (294/343, 85.7%); type II, hepatosplenic trunk, left gastric artery (LGA) arising from the abdominal aorta (8/343, 2.3%); type III, hepatogastric trunk, splenic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) (2/343, 0.6%); type IV, celiacomesenteric trunk (5/343, 1.5%); type V, common hepatic artery (CHA) arising from the SMA, gastrosplenic trunk (11/343, 3.2%); type VI, aberrant (accessory or replaced) left hepatic artery arising from LGA (21/343, 6.1%); and type VII, CHA arising from LGA (2/343, 0.6%). The number of retrieved LNs in the CTA group was significantly higher than that in the non-CTA group. However, the operation time, estimated blood loss, intraoperative vascular injury, and medical cost of the CTA group were significantly less than those in the non-CTA group. Of note, in patients with BMI ≥ 25.0, higher LNs retrieval and less vascular injury were still present in the CTA group, which was of vital importance in clinical practice. Furthermore, the CTA group displayed shorter hospital stay (LOS).


We established a new perigastric artery classification. Application of the classification can improve the short-term clinical outcomes of patients.


Gastrectomy CTA Vascular variation Clinical outcome 


Authors’ Contributions

Shuai Shen and Yanbing Zhou were involved in the conception, design, data acquisition, analysis, and interpretation and production of figures and tables. Shuai Shen wrote the first draft and revised it critically in light of comments from other authors. Shougen Cao, Haitao Jiang, and Shanglong Liu were involved in the conception, interpretation, manuscript revision, and discussion. Xiaodong Liu, Zequn Li, and Dan Liu were involved in the data acquisition and literature review. All authors approved the final version submitted.

Funding Information

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81572314).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All patients signed an informed consent document before the examination and surgery. The Ethics Committee of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University approved this retrospective study.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuai Shen
    • 1
  • Shougen Cao
    • 1
  • Haitao Jiang
    • 1
  • Shanglong Liu
    • 1
  • Xiaodong Liu
    • 1
  • Zequn Li
    • 1
  • Dan Liu
    • 1
  • Yanbing Zhou
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Gastrointestinal SurgeryAffiliated Hospital of Qingdao UniversityQingdao CityChina

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