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Can Proximal Gastrectomy with Double-Tract Reconstruction Replace Total Gastrectomy? A Propensity Score Matching Analysis

  • Hyo Jung Ko
  • Ki Hyun Kim
  • Si-Hak Lee
  • Cheol Woong Choi
  • Su Jin Kim
  • Chang In Choi
  • Dae-Hwan Kim
  • Dong-Heon Kim
  • Sun-Hwi HwangEmail author
Original Article
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

Background

This retrospective cohort study compared proximal gastrectomy (PG) with double-tract reconstruction (DTR) versus total gastrectomy (TG) with Roux-en-Y reconstruction in terms of clinical outcomes.

Methods

All consecutive patients with upper early gastric cancer (EGC) who underwent PG-DTR or TG in 2008–2016 were selected. TG patients who matched PG-DTR patients in age, sex, body mass index, clinical stage, and ASA score were selected by propensity score matching. Groups were compared in terms of clinicopathological characteristics, clinical outcomes, early (≤ 30 days), late (> 30 days), and severe (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ III) postoperative complications, 1-year reflux morbidity, recurrence, and mortality.

Results

Of 322 patients, 52 underwent PG-DTR. A matching TG group of 52 patients was selected. The PG-DTR group had smaller tumors (p = 0.02), smaller proximal and distal resection margins (p = 0.01, p < 0.01), and fewer retrieved lymph nodes (p < 0.01). PG-DTR associated with shorter times to diet and hospital stay (both p = 0.02). Groups did not differ in early (11.3 vs. 19.2%, p = 0.19), late (1.9 vs. 5.7%, p = 0.31), or severe complication rates (7.7 vs. 13.5%, p = 0.34). At 1 year, the groups did not differ in reflux symptoms (Visick score) or endoscopic esophagitis (Los Angeles Classification). There were no recurrences. Five-year overall survival rates were 100 and 81.6% (p = 0.02), respectively.

Conclusion

PG-DTR associated with better clinical outcomes and survival. Complication and reflux rates were similar. PG-DTR may be suitable for upper EGC.

Keywords

Proximal gastrectomy Double-tract reconstruction Total gastrectomy Upper gastric cancer Propensity score matching 

Notes

Author Contributions

Study conception and design: Hwang, DH Kim.

Acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data: Ko, KH Kim, Lee, Hwang.

Drafting of manuscript or critical revision: Ko, KH Kim, Lee, CW Choi, SJ Kim, CI Choi, DH Kim.

Final approval of the version: Hwang.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyo Jung Ko
    • 1
  • Ki Hyun Kim
    • 1
  • Si-Hak Lee
    • 1
  • Cheol Woong Choi
    • 2
  • Su Jin Kim
    • 2
  • Chang In Choi
    • 3
  • Dae-Hwan Kim
    • 3
  • Dong-Heon Kim
    • 3
  • Sun-Hwi Hwang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Surgery and Research Institute for Convergence of Biomedical Science and TechnologyPusan National University Yangsan HospitalYangsanRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicinePusan National University Yangsan HospitalYangsanRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryPusan National UniversityPusanRepublic of Korea

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