Predictive Factors for Lymph Node Metastasis in Undifferentiated Early Gastric Cancer: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
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Less invasive surgery is gaining popularity for the treatment of early gastric cancer (EGC), but there are no definitive guidelines for the use of less invasive surgery for the treatment of undifferentiated EGC. The aims of this meta-analysis were to identify potential predictive factors for lymph node metastasis (LNM) in undifferentiated EGC and to guide the personalized therapeutic modality for patients with undifferentiated EGC.
An extensive search of the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases was performed to identify relevant articles involving undifferentiated EGC and LNM. Eligible data were systematically reviewed through a meta-analysis using Review Manager 5.3.
In total, 23 studies were included in this analysis. The meta-analysis found that the variables sex (female), age (greater than 60 years), tumor size (greater than 20 mm), depth of invasion (submucosal invasion), presence of lymphovascular involvement, presence of ulcer findings, histology type (non-signet ring carcinoma), and tumor location (not in the middle part of the stomach) were significantly associated with LNM.
Eight variables were identified as predictive factors for LNM in undifferentiated EGC. The significance of these variables should be further confirmed during the process of LNM in undifferentiated EGC patients for future clinical application.
KeywordsUndifferentiated early gastric cancer Meta-analysis Lymph node metastasis
Xudong Zhao, Aizhen Cai, and Hongqing Xi conceived and designed the study and wrote the manuscript. Peiyu Li, Jianxin Cui, Na Liu, and Hua Li collected the data, performed the meta-analysis, and interpreted the outcome. Lin Chen and Zheng Peng critically reviewed the content of the manuscript and helped with drafts.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
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