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Performing the Difficult Cholecystectomy Using Combined Endoscopic and Robotic Techniques: How I Do It

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Abstract

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the standard of care for cholelithiasis as well as cholecystitis. However, in the setting of Mirizzi syndrome or gangrenous cholecystitis where the critical view cannot be ascertained, subtotal cholecystectomy may be necessary. Using the robot-assisted approach, difficult cholecystectomies can be performed upfront without need for partial cholecystectomy. Even in the setting of Mirizzi syndrome where severe scarring and fibrosis are evident, definitive cholecystectomy and takedown of the cholechystocholedochal fistula can be performed in a safe and feasible fashion following successful endoscopic common bile duct stent placement. The purposes of this report are to review the history of Mirizzi syndrome as well as its traditional and novel treatment techniques and highlight technical pearls of the robotic approach to this diagnosis.

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Correspondence to Deepa Magge.

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Magge, D., Steve, J., Novak, S. et al. Performing the Difficult Cholecystectomy Using Combined Endoscopic and Robotic Techniques: How I Do It. J Gastrointest Surg 21, 583–589 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11605-016-3323-8

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Keywords

  • Cholecystectomy
  • Robot-assisted
  • Mirizzi syndrome
  • Cholecystocholedochal fistula