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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 56–61 | Cite as

Long-Term Outcomes in Indeterminate Colitis Patients Undergoing Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis: Function, Quality of Life, and Complications

  • Katharine L. Jackson
  • Luca Stocchi
  • Leonardo Duraes
  • Ahmet Rencuzogullari
  • Ana E. Bennett
  • Feza H. Remzi
2016 SSAT Plenary Presentation

Abstract

Introduction

It is uncertain whether the outcomes of patients with indeterminate colitis (IC) undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) deteriorate over time. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term pouch function, quality of life, complications, and incidence of Crohn’s disease after IPAA for patients with IC compared to ulcerative colitis (UC).

Methods

A case matched analysis was performed on patients undergoing IPAA for pathologically confirmed IC or UC, between 1985 and 2014. Patients were case matched for age ± 5 years, gender, date of surgery ± 3 years, type of anastomosis and presence of a diverting loop ileostomy. All patients were followed up for greater than six months.

Results

448 patients were case matched, the average age was 36.8 year old and 52.7 % of patients were male. Mean follow-up was 122.06 months (+/− 80.77 months). There were statistically and clinically comparable number of daytime bowel movements (5.7 v 5.5, p = 0.45), rates of incontinence (26.1 % v 18.3 %, p = 0.09) and nighttime seepage in patients (23.1 % v 28.4 %, p = 0.28) with IC and UC. Quality of life markers and patient restrictions were comparable between the two groups. Rates of pelvic sepsis (IC 8.5 %, UC 8.5 %, p = 0.99) and anastomotic leak (IC 3.1 %, UC 4.0 %, p = 0.61) were similar but fistula formation (IC 15.6 %, UC 8.0 %, p = 0.01) and IPAA Crohn’s disease rates (IC 6.7 %, UC 2.7 %, p = 0.04) were significantly increased in IC patients. There was no statistically significant difference in pouch failure rates for IC and UC (5.8 % vs.4.9 %, p = 0.58).

Conclusion

Patients undergoing IPAA for IC have a higher risk of post-operative fistulae and development of Crohn’s disease, but comparable morbidity, functional outcomes, quality of life scores and pouch failure rates when compared to UC patients. Long-term data confirms that IPAA is a good surgical option in patients with IC.

Keywords

Indeterminate colitis Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis Restorative proctocolectomy Outcomes Quality of life 

Notes

Author Contribution

Jackson: Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; the acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data for the work; drafting the work and revising it critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version to be published; agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Stocchi: Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; the analysis and interpretation of data for the work; drafting the work and revising it critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version to be published; agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Duraes: Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; the acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data for the work; drafting the work; final approval of the version to be published; agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Rencuzogullari: Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; the acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data for the work; drafting the work; final approval of the version to be published; agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Bennett: Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; the acquisition of data, analysis, and interpretation of data for the work; revising the work critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version to be published; agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Remzi: Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; the acquisition of data, analysis, and interpretation of data for the work; revising the work critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version to be published; agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katharine L. Jackson
    • 1
  • Luca Stocchi
    • 1
  • Leonardo Duraes
    • 1
  • Ahmet Rencuzogullari
    • 1
  • Ana E. Bennett
    • 2
  • Feza H. Remzi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Colorectal SurgeryClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Department of PathologyClevelandUSA

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