Single-Incision Laparoscopic Common Bile Duct Exploration with Conventional Instruments: an Innovative Technique and a Comparative Study
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Single-incision laparoscopic surgery developed rapidly in recent years. We introduce an innovative technique: single-incision laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (SILCBDE) with conventional instruments. A retrospective comparison between SILCBDE and standard laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) was analyzed.
Thirty-four patients who underwent LCBDE for choledocholithiasis in a period of 17 months were enrolled. Seventeen standard LCBDEs and 17 SILCBDEs were attempted. Simultaneous cholecystectomies were performed.
The stone clearance rate was 94.1 % (16 patients) in the standard LCBDE group and 100 % in the SILCBDE group. There was no statistical difference in demographic distribution, clinical presentations, and operative results between the two groups, except the SILCBDE group had a higher rate of acute cholecystitis than the standard LCBDE group (76.5 vs. 35.3 %; p < 0.05). One procedure (5.9 %) in the SILCBDE group was converted to a four-incision transcystic LCBDE. The complication rate was 11.8 % (two patients) in the standard LCBDE group and 5.9 % (one patient) in the SILCBDE group. The average follow-up period was 4.2 months.
SILCBDE is as safe and efficacious as standard LCBDE in experienced hands. Choledochoscope manipulation and bile duct repair are the key skills. Long-term follow-up and further prospective randomized trials are anticipated.
KeywordsCholedocholithiasis Choledochotomy Common bile duct exploration Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery Single-incision laparoscopic surgery Transcystic
We gratefully acknowledge the obligatory works of Ms. Yi-Chun Liao, Ms. Chia-Lin Wu, Ms. Jyun-Ya Li, and Ms. Pei-Yi Wang in assisting with the data collection.
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