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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 16, Issue 9, pp 1686–1695 | Cite as

Randomized Controlled Single-Center Trial Comparing Pancreatogastrostomy Versus Pancreaticojejunostomy After Partial Pancreatoduodenectomy

  • Ulrich F. Wellner
  • Olivia Sick
  • Manfred Olschewski
  • Ulrich Adam
  • Ulrich T. Hopt
  • Tobias KeckEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Background

The aim of this single-center randomized trial was to compare the perioperative outcome of pancreatoduodenectomy with pancreatogastrostomy (PG) vs pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ).

Methods

Randomization was done intraoperatively. PG was performed via anterior and posterior gastrotomy with pursestring and inverting seromuscular suture; control intervention was PJ with duct–mucosa anastomosis. The primary endpoint was postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF).

Results

From 2006 to 2011, n = 268 patients were screened and n = 116 were randomized to n = 59 PG and n = 57 PJ. There was no statistically significant difference regarding the primary endpoint (PG vs PJ, 10 % vs 12 %, p = 0.775). The subgroup of high-risk patients with a soft pancreas had a non-significantly lower pancreatic fistula rate with PG (PG vs PJ, 14 vs 24 %, p = 0.352). Analysis of secondary endpoints demonstrated a shorter operation time (404 vs 443 min, p = 0.005) and reduced hospital stay for PG (15 vs 17 days, p = 0.155). Delayed gastric emptying (DGE; PG vs PJ, 27 vs 17 %, p = 0.246) and intraluminal bleeding (PG vs PJ, 7 vs 2 %, p = 0.364) were more frequent with PG. Mortality was low in both groups (<2 %).

Conclusions

Our randomized controlled trial shows no difference between PG and PJ as reconstruction techniques after partial pancreatoduodenectomy. POPF rate, DGE, and bleeding were not statistically different. Operation time was significantly shorter in the PG group.

Keywords

Pancreatoduodenectomy Pancreatogastrostomy Pancreaticojejunostomy Pancreatic fistula Randomized controlled trial 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Joachim Wellner, MD for the artwork of this article.

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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich F. Wellner
    • 1
  • Olivia Sick
    • 1
  • Manfred Olschewski
    • 2
  • Ulrich Adam
    • 1
  • Ulrich T. Hopt
    • 1
  • Tobias Keck
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of General and Visceral SurgeryUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Medical Biometry and Medical Informatics (IMBI)University of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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