Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 703–707 | Cite as

Achalasia and Other Esophageal Motility Disorders

  • Marco G. Patti
  • Fernando A. Herbella
2011 SSAT Annual Meeting Review Article


Achalasia, diffuse esophageal spasm, nutcracker esophagus, and the hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter are considered primary esophageal motility disorder. These disorders are characterized by esophageal dysmotility that is responsible for the symptoms. While there is today a reasonable consensus about the pathophysiology, the diagnosis, and the treatment of achalasia, this has not occurred for the other disorders. A careful evaluation is therefore necessary before an operation is considered.


Primary esophageal motility disorders Esophageal achalasia Diffuse esophageal spasm Nutcracker esophagus Hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter Esophageal manometry Minimally invasive surgery 


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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Chicago Pritzker School of MedicineChicagoUSA

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