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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 14, Issue 11, pp 1742–1745 | Cite as

Postprandial Proximal Gastric Acid Pocket in Patients after Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass

  • Fernando A. M. Herbella
  • Fernando P. P. Vicentine
  • Jose C. Del Grande
  • Marco G. Patti
  • Carlos H. Arasaki
2010 SSAT Poster Presentation

Abstract

Introduction

An unbuffered postprandial proximal gastric acid pocket (PPGAP) has been noticed in normal individuals and patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The role of gastric anatomy in the physiology of the PPGAP remains unclear. It is also unclear whether operations that control GERD, such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and Nissen fundoplication, change the PPGAP.

Aims

This study aims to analyze the presence of PPGAP in patients submitted to RYGB.

Methods

Fifteen patients who had a RYGB for morbid obesity (mean age 53 years, 14 females, mean time from operation 3 years) were studied. All patients were free of foregut symptoms. Patients underwent a high-resolution manometry to identify the location of the lower border of the lower esophageal sphincter (LBLES). A station pull-through pH monitoring was performed from 5 cm below the LBLES to the LBLES in increments of 1 cm in a fasting state and 10 min after a standardized fatty meal (40 g of chocolate, 50% fat).

Results

Acidity was not detected in the stomach of four patients before meal. After meal, PPGAP was not found in eight patients. In three patients, a PPGAP was noted with an extension of 1 to 3 cm.

Conclusion

PPGAP is present in a minority of patients after RYGB; this finding may explain part of the GERD control after RYGB and that the gastric fundus may play a role in the genesis of the PPGAP.

Keywords

Gastroesophageal reflux Roux-en-Y gastric bypass Acid pocket 

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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando A. M. Herbella
    • 1
    • 3
  • Fernando P. P. Vicentine
    • 1
  • Jose C. Del Grande
    • 1
  • Marco G. Patti
    • 2
  • Carlos H. Arasaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Escola Paulista de MedicinaFederal University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Surgical Gastroenterology, Division of Esophagus and StomachHospital São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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