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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 1071–1077 | Cite as

Accurate Preoperative Localization of Insulinomas Avoids the Need for Blind Resection and Reoperation: Analysis of a Single Institution Experience with 17 Surgically Treated Tumors over 19 Years

  • Brian K. P. GohEmail author
  • London L. P. J. Ooi
  • Peng-Chung Cheow
  • Yu-Meng Tan
  • Hock-Soo Ong
  • Yaw-Fui A. Chung
  • Pierce K. H. Chow
  • Wai-Keong Wong
  • Khee-Chee Soo
Original Article

Abstract

Introduction

Presently, the need for and choice of preoperative localization tests for insulinomas remain controversial. We report the results from a single institution experience whereby the management policy adopted was that of accurate preoperative localization before surgical exploration.

Materials and Methods

From 1990 to 2008, 17 patients with a clinical and biochemical diagnosis of an insulinoma who underwent surgery were retrospectively reviewed. The diagnosis of all insulinomas were confirmed pathologically.

Results

All tumors were localized preoperatively and an average of 2.2 preoperative localization studies including 1.4 noninvasive studies and 0.8 invasive studies were utilized per patient. Invasive localization modalities were more sensitive (92%) than noninvasive modalities in localizing insulinomas (71%). Intra-arterial calcium stimulation with hepatic venous sampling was the most sensitive invasive modality (100%), whereas magnetic resonance imaging was the most sensitive noninvasive modality (63%). Fifteen of 17 tumors (88%) were localized intraoperatively via inspection/palpation and/or intraoperative ultrasonography. Both insulinomas which were not localized intraoperatively were localized correctly to the distal pancreas via preoperative transhepatic portal venous sampling. None of the patients required a blind resection or surgical reexploration for failed localization. All 17 patients underwent complete surgical resection which included eight enucleations and nine distal pancreatectomies with a cure rate of 94% (16/17) at a median follow-up of 35 (range, 1–217) months. The postoperative morbidity and long-term outcome of enucleation was similar to distal pancreatectomy despite a higher rate of microscopic margin involvement.

Conclusion

Accurate preoperative localization of insulinomas is useful as it eliminates the need for blind distal pancreatectomy and avoids reoperation. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice, and whenever possible, a pancreas-sparing approach such as enucleation should be adopted.

Keywords

Insulinoma Localization Resection Pancreas Treatment 

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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian K. P. Goh
    • 1
    Email author
  • London L. P. J. Ooi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Peng-Chung Cheow
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yu-Meng Tan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hock-Soo Ong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yaw-Fui A. Chung
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pierce K. H. Chow
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wai-Keong Wong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Khee-Chee Soo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SurgerySingapore General HospitalSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Department of Surgical OncologyNational Cancer CentreSingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Duke-NUS Graduate Medical SchoolSingaporeSingapore

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