Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 1138–1146 | Cite as

The Omentum: Anatomical, Metabolic, and Surgical Aspects

  • Danielle CollinsEmail author
  • Aisling M. Hogan
  • Donal O’Shea
  • Des C. Winter
Review Article



The omentum is acknowledged to have diverse functions in the pathophysiology of intra-abdominal disease. Its angiogenic properties act as a natural defense mechanism in peritonitis and intra-abdominal sepsis. With advancing technology the omentum is revealing itself as a new player in the field of molecular surgery with special reference to cancer, obesity and tissue reconstruction.

Materials and methods

This article reviews the existing and potential surgical applications of the omentum.


Omentum Inflammation Reconstruction Metabolic 



Images courtesy of Dr Leona Doyle


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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle Collins
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Aisling M. Hogan
    • 1
  • Donal O’Shea
    • 2
  • Des C. Winter
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Clinical Outcomes, Research and Education (iCore)St Vincent’s HospitalDublin 4Ireland
  2. 2.Department of EndocrinologySt Vincent’s University HospitalDublin 4Ireland
  3. 3.Department of SurgerySt Vincent’s HospitalDublin 4Ireland

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