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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 442–449 | Cite as

Frequency With Which Surgeons Undertake Pancreaticoduodenectomy Continues to Determine Length of Stay, Hospital Charges, and In-Hospital Mortality

  • Alexander Rosemurgy
  • Sarah Cowgill
  • Brian Coe
  • Ashley Thomas
  • Sam Al-Saadi
  • Steven Goldin
  • Emmanuel Zervos
ahpba annual meeting

Abstract

Introduction

This study was undertaken to determine changes in the frequency of, volume of, and outcomes after pancreaticoduodenectomy 6 years after a study denoted that, in Florida, the frequency and volume of pancreaticoduodenectomy impacted outcome.

Methods

Using the State of Florida Agency for Health Care Administration database, the frequency and volume of pancreaticoduodenectomy was correlated with average length of hospital stay (ALOS), in-hospital mortality, and hospital charges for identical periods in 1995–1997 and 2003–2005.

Results

Compared to 1995–1997, 88% more pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed in 2003–2005 by 6% fewer surgeons; the majority of pancreaticoduodenectomies were conducted by surgeons doing <1 pancreaticoduodenectomy every 2 months. In-hospital mortality rate did not decrease from 1995–1997 to 2003–2005 (5.1 to 5.9%); in-hospital mortality rate increased for surgeons undertaking <1 pancreaticoduodenectomy every 2 months (5.5 to 12.3%, p < 0.01). For 2003–2005, frequency with which pancreaticoduodenectomy is conducted inversely correlates with ALOS (p = 0.001), hospital charges (p = 0.001), and in-hospital mortality (p = 0.001).

Conclusions

In Florida, more pancreaticoduodenectomies are carried out by fewer surgeons. Mortality has not decreased because of surgeons infrequently performing pancreaticoduodenectomy. Most pancreaticoduodenectomies are still undertaken by surgeons who conduct pancreaticoduodenectomy infrequently with greater lengths of stay, hospital costs, and in-hospital mortality rates. To an even greater extent than previously documented, patients are best served by surgeons frequently performing pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Keywords

Pancreaticoduodenectomy Pancreatic cancer High-volume 

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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Rosemurgy
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sarah Cowgill
    • 1
    • 2
  • Brian Coe
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ashley Thomas
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sam Al-Saadi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Steven Goldin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Emmanuel Zervos
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Digestive Disorders CenterTampa General Hospital, University of South FloridaTampaUSA
  2. 2.Division of General SurgeryUniversity of South Florida, Tampa General HospitalTampaUSA

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