Esophagectomy for End Stage Achalasia
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Esophageal myotomy is the standard primary therapy for achalasia. However, reports on long-term results of myotomy have suggested a deterioration of outcome over time with many patients presenting with end stage disease several years after esophagomyotomy. Eight patients who had previously undergone esophagomyotomy for achalasia presented with recurrent or worsening symptoms, and after preoperative evaluation, were treated by esophagectomy via laparotomy and right thoracotomy. The mean age at the time of myotomy was 52 years (range 18 to 62 years), and the mean time until esophagectomy was 12.5 years (range 2 to 18 years) after the initial myotomy. The median time until esophagectomy was performed after myotomy was 14 years. All patients in this series gained weight (mean, 23 pounds; range, 9 to 42 lbs) following esophagectomy, and none of the patients complained of dysphagia at follow-up or developed stricture. There were no major complications (including anastomotic leak) or deaths in this series. Five of the patients have been followed a mean of six years and remain well. Esophagectomy is a safe and appropriate treatment option in the setting of recurrent and end stage achalasia.
KeywordsAchalasia Esophagomyotomy Esophagectomy
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