Japanese Journal of Radiology

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 186–190 | Cite as

Potential value of the PixelShine deep learning algorithm for increasing quality of 70 kVp+ASiR-V reconstruction pelvic arterial phase CT images

  • Shi-feng Tian
  • Ai-lian LiuEmail author
  • Jing-hong Liu
  • Yi-jun Liu
  • Ju-dong Pan
Original Article



To investigate the effect of a deep learning-based denoising algorithm, PixelShine (PS), on the quality of 70 kVp pelvic arterial phase CT images.

Materials and methods

A retrospective analysis was performed on arterial phase pelvic CT images from 33 patients (body-mass index ≤ 20 kg/m2) obtained with a GE Revolution CT (70 kVp tube voltage; adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-Veo-filtered back projection, 50% blending) and designated group A. Group B images were then obtained by applying PS to group A image datasets. Subjective image quality was evaluated by two radiologists with a 5-point scoring system; the scores of the groups were compared. Image signal was assessed using CT values of the urinary bladder. CT and standard deviation (SD) values of the gluteus maximus were measured, and SD values of the gluteus maximus were used to represent image noise. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the bladder were calculated. Image noise, SNR, and CNR of two groups were compared using paired t-tests.


The subjective visual image quality scores of groups A and B, respectively, were 3.11 ± 0.30 vs. 3.82 ± 0.57; image noise was 15.79 ± 2.05 Hounsfield units (HU) vs. 11.06 ± 2.22 HU; SNRs of bladder were 0.50 ± 0.23 vs. 0.79 ± 0.39; and CNRs of bladder were 3.72 ± 0.85 vs. 5.14 ± 1.27. Group B showed better subjective image quality, lower image noise, and improved SNR and CNR, compared to group A; these differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The noise of group B was approximately 30% lower than that of group A; the SNR and CNR values of group B were improved by approximately 58% and 38%, respectively.


Using 70 kVp +ASiR-V, PS can improve the image quality of pelvic arterial phase CT images, significantly reduce the image noise, and improve the SNR and CNR.


Tomography X-ray computed Comparative study Noise Body weight 



This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Japan Radiological Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shi-feng Tian
    • 1
  • Ai-lian Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jing-hong Liu
    • 1
  • Yi-jun Liu
    • 1
  • Ju-dong Pan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Radiologythe First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and Biomedical ImagingUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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