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Low-dose contrast protocol using the test bolus technique for 64-detector computed tomography coronary angiography

  • Takeshi Nakaura
  • Kazuo Awai
  • Yumi Yanaga
  • Tomohiro Namimoto
  • Daisuke Utsunomiya
  • Toshinori Hirai
  • Seigo Sugiyama
  • Hisao Ogawa
  • Masahito Aoyama
  • Yasuyuki Yamashita
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

We evaluated low-contrast injection protocols for coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) using a 64-detector scanner and the test bolus technique.

Materials and methods

We randomly assigned 60 patients undergoing coronary CTA to one of two contrast material (CM) injection protocols. For the lowcontrast dose protocol (Plow), the patients received injections of iohexol-350 [0.7 ml/kg body weight (BW)] during 9 s, and the test-bolus technique was used. Under the conventional protocol (Pconv), they received iohexol-350 (1.0 ml/kg BW) during 15 s, and bolus tracking was used. We compared the protocols for attenuation values in the ascending aorta and coronary arteries and for the amount of CM required.

Results

There was no significant difference in the mean CT attenuation of the ascending aorta and coronary arteries between the Plow and Pconv groups. The amount of CM was significantly less with Plow than with Pconv [49.7 ± 6.4 ml (main bolus: 39.7 ± 6.4 ml) vs. 57.0 ± 10.1 ml, P < 0.01].

Conclusion

With 64-detector CTA of the heart, the low-dose and short-injection-duration protocol with the test-injection technique provides vessel attenuation comparable to that obtained with the standard-dose protocol with the bolus-tracking technique.

Key words

Computed tomography Contrast injection protocol Cardiac Test bolus Bolus tracking 

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Copyright information

© Japan Radiological Society 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takeshi Nakaura
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kazuo Awai
    • 1
  • Yumi Yanaga
    • 1
  • Tomohiro Namimoto
    • 1
  • Daisuke Utsunomiya
    • 1
  • Toshinori Hirai
    • 1
  • Seigo Sugiyama
    • 3
  • Hisao Ogawa
    • 3
  • Masahito Aoyama
    • 4
  • Yasuyuki Yamashita
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Graduate School of Medical SciencesKumamoto UniversityKumamotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyAmakusa Medical CenterKumamotoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medical SciencesKumamoto UniversityKumamotoJapan
  4. 4.Department of Intelligent Systems, Faculty of information SciencesHiroshima City UniversityHiroshimaJapan

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