Diagnostic performance of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging fusion images of gynecological malignant tumors: comparison with positron emission tomography/computed tomography
We compared the diagnostic accuracy of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) and PET/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) fusion images for gynecological malignancies.
Materials and methods
A total of 31 patients with gynecological malignancies were enrolled. FDG-PET images were fused to CT, T1- and T2-weighted images (T1WI, T2WI). PET-MRI fusion was performed semiautomatically. We performed three types of evaluation to demonstrate the usefulness of PET/MRI fusion images in comparison with that of inline PET/CT as follows: depiction of the uterus and the ovarian lesions on CT or MRI mapping images (first evaluation); additional information for lesion localization with PET and mapping images (second evaluation); and the image quality of fusion on interpretation (third evaluation).
For the first evaluation, the score for T2WI (4.68 ± 0.65) was significantly higher than that for CT (3.54 ± 1.02) or T1WI (3.71 ± 0.97) (P < 0.01). For the second evaluation, the scores for the localization of FDG accumulation showing that T2WI (2.74 ± 0.57) provided significantly more additional information for the identification of anatomical sites of FDG accumulation than did CT (2.06 ± 0.68) or T1WI (2.23 ± 0.61) (P < 0.01). For the third evaluation, the three-point rating scale for the patient group as a whole demonstrated that PET/T2WI (2.72 ± 0.54) localized the lesion significantly more convincingly than PET/CT (2.23 ± 0.50) or PET/T1WI (2.29 ± 0.53) (P < 0.01).
PET/T2WI fusion images are superior for the detection and localization of gynecological malignancies.
Key wordsPET MRI Fusion image Gynecological malignant tumors
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