Acta Geophysica

, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp 961–970 | Cite as

Turbulent mixing and dispersion mechanisms over flexible and dense vegetation

  • Donatella TerminiEmail author
Research Article - Special Issue


The present study investigates flow turbulence and dispersion processes in the presence of flexible and dense vegetation on the bed. The turbulent dispersion coefficients and the terms of the turbulent kinetic energy equation are determined by using data collected in a straight laboratory channel with living vegetation on the bed. Results show that the turbulent integral lengths assume an order of magnitude comparable to the stems’ characteristic dimension independently by the direction and the turbulence assumes an isotropic behavior. The coefficients of dispersion have a trend similar to that of the turbulent lengths and assume low values in the longitudinal, transversal and vertical directions. Results also show that, in the mixing layer, the shear and wake turbulence production terms balance the dissipation; the turbulent diffusion term also assumes low values and its sign varies along the vertical indicating a transport of turbulent energy both from the vegetation to the free surface and from the free surface to vegetation.


Vegetated channels Flexible vegetation Turbulence Dispersion 


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Copyright information

© Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences & Polish Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering, Polytechnic SchoolUniversity of PalermoPalermoItaly

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