Advertisement

3D-RVSP experimental study above a carbonate outcrop for coal resource exploration

  • Mingshun Hu
  • Dongming PanEmail author
  • Juanjuan Li
  • Hui Zhang
  • Shouhua Dong
  • Shenen Chen
  • Yongzhong Xu
Research Article - Applied Geophysics
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

In the areas where carbonate rocks expose to the near surface, there are several intractable issues in conventional surface seismic, including (1) weak reflection energy, (2) complex wave field and (3) serious static correction. Therefore, the seismic imaging result suffers significantly. However, RVSP is able to achieve reflected data with high quality since it generates seismic waves in borehole and receives seismic waves at the surface. In order to verify the applicability of RVSP technique in complex areas, this study carried out a 3D-RVSP seismic experiment in Wulunshan coal field, southwest China. Compared with the surface seismic data, RVSP data show higher signal-to-noise ratio, wider frequency band and weaker surface wave interference. In addition, two imaging methods (conventional CDP transform stack and novel equivalent-surface conversion) were implemented for RVSP data imaging. The imaging results show that the smaller and deeper structures can be revealed better by equivalent-surface conversion method than by CDP transform stack method. Hence, this study demonstrates that RVSP is an efficient method applied in the area with complex surface condition.

Keywords

3D-RVSP Carbonate rocks outcrop area CDP transform stack Equivalent-surface conversion 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the editors and reviewers’ comments. Thanks to the financial support from Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (2015QNB22, 2015XKMS036), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20160245, BK20170271), National key research and development program of China (2017YFC0804105) and A Project Funded by Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions.

References

  1. Bishop T, Bube K, Cutler R, Langan R, Love P, Resnick J, Shuey R, Spindler D, Wyld H (1985) Tomographic determination of velocity and depth in laterally varying media. Geophysics 50(6):903–923.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1441970 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bouska J (1994) Between a rock and a hard place: using heliportable 3-D seismic to address the problems of carbonate outcrop in the Canadian Rocky Mountain thrust belt. In: SEG technical program expanded abstracts 1994, pp 1641–1643.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1822869
  3. Cassell B, Alam M, Millahn K (1984) Interactive VSP-CDP mapping in complex media. In: SEG technical program expanded abstracts 1984, pp 842–845.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1894273
  4. Chang X, Liu Y, Wang H, Li F, Chen J (2002) 3-D tomographic static correction. Geophysics 67(4):1275–1285.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1500390 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen S, Eriksen E, Miller M (1990a) Experimental studies on downhole seismic sources. Geophysics 55(12):1645–1651.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1442818 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen S, Zimmerman L, Tugnait J (1990b) Subsurface imaging using reversed vertical seismic profiling and crosshole tomographic methods. Geophysics 55(11):1478–1487.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1442795 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen G, Peron J, Canales L (2000) Rapid VSP-CDP mapping of 3-D VSP data. Geophysics 65(5):1631–1640.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1444851 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen W, Ding W, Feng G, Zhang H, Guo L (2014) 3D mountain seismic acquisition technique in outcropping limestone area. In: Beijing 2014 international geophysical conference & exposition, Beijing, China, 21–24 April 2014, pp 109–112.  https://doi.org/10.1190/igcbeijing2014-029
  9. Chen M, Liu Z, Le Q, Yang W, Yan J, Zhao J (2015) Key techniques and method for deep seismic data acquisition in hard-rock environment. Chin J Geophys Chin Ed 58(12):4544–4558.  https://doi.org/10.6038/cjg20151217 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fuller BN, Sterling JM (2016) Method for processing borehole seismic data. United States Patent 9239399, 05 Dec 2016Google Scholar
  11. Gallagher JW, Dromgoole PW (2008) Seeing below the basalt-offshore Faroes. Geophys Prospect 56(1):33–45.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2478.2007.00670.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Geoffrey SW, Michel D (1978) Geostatistical ore reserve estimation. J Am Stat Assoc 73(363):685.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2286639 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Goertz A, Milligan P, Karrenbach M, Paulsson B (2005) Optimized 3D VSP survey geometry based on Fresnel zone estimates. In: SEG technical program expanded abstracts 2005, pp 2641–2644.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.2148267
  14. Haldorsen J, Miller D, Walsh J (1995) Walk-away VSP using drill noise as a source. Geophysics 60(4):978–997.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1443863 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hanssen P, Ziolkowski A, Li X (2003) A quantitative study on the use of converted waves for sub-basalt imaging. Geophys Prospect 51(3):183–193.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2478.2003.00367.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hardage BA (2000) Vertical seismic profiling: principles, 3rd edn. Pergamon, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Hoekstra B, Pfeiffer J, Hanna K (2006) RVSP surveys and borehole sonar imaging to map abandoned coal mines. In: SEG technical program expanded abstracts 2006, pp 3521–3525.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.2370267
  18. Hu M (2013) Study on RVSP seismic imaging for coalbed methane exploration. Doctoral thesis, China University of Mining and TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  19. Hu Z, Wu D, Guan L (2003) Wide-angle seismic imaging of the high-velocity sub-basalt. In: SEG technical program expanded abstracts 2003. SEG technical program expanded abstracts. Society of Exploration Geophysicists, pp 1142–1145.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1817478
  20. Jackson PJ, Onions KR, Westerman AR (1989) Use of inverted VSP to enhance the exploration value of boreholes. Anglais 7(6):233–246Google Scholar
  21. Jin H, Pan D, Yang G (2015) Study on equivalent surface data processing method in RVSP. Prog Geophys 30(2):641–649.  https://doi.org/10.6038/pg20150222 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kim B, Byun J, Seol SJ, Park KG, Lee TJ (2013) Using reverse vertical seismic profiling (RVSP) to characterise the subsurface fracture system of the Seokmo Island geothermal field, Republic of Korea. Explor Geophys 44(3):167–175.  https://doi.org/10.1071/eg13049 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kommedal JH, Tjøstheim BA (1989) A study of different methods of wavefield separation for application to VSP data. Geophys Prospect 37(2):117–142.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2478.1989.tb01826.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kostov C (1989) Seismic reflection experiment with a drill-bit source. In: SEG technical program expanded abstracts 1989, pp 1–4.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1889594
  25. Krasovec ML (2001) Subsurface imaging with reverse vertical seismic profiles. Doctoral thesis, Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  26. Lau K, White R, Christie P (2007) Low-frequency source for long-offset, sub-basalt and deep crustal penetration. Lead Edge 26(1):36–39.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.2431830 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Luo B, Wang B, Yan Y, Zhao B (2004) Drill-bit reverse vertical seismic profile (RVSP) application in Western China. In: SEG technical program expanded abstracts 2004, pp 2481–2484.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1845234
  28. Mirko VDB (2008) Time-varying wavelet estimation and deconvolution by kurtosis maximization. Geophysics 73(2):V11–V18.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.2831936 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Parra J, Bangs J (1992) High-resolution reverse VSP and interwell seismic experiments at the Buckhorn Test Site in Illinois. In: SEG technical program expanded abstracts 1992, pp 103–107.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1821901
  30. Paulsson B, Fairborn J, Fuller B (1998) Imaging of thin beds using advanced borehole seismology. Lead Edge 17(7):947–953.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1438077 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Payne M, Eriksen E, Rape T (1994) Considerations for high-resolution VSP imaging. Lead Edge 13(3):173–180.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1437010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wang Y, Takenaka H, Furumura T (2001) Modelling seismic wave propagation in a two-dimensional cylindrical whole-earth model using the pseudospectral method. Geophys J Int 145(3):689–708.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-246X.2001.01413.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wiggins W, Ng P, Manzur A (1986) The relation between the VSP-CDP transformation and VSP migration. In: SEG technical program expanded abstracts 1986, pp 565–568. doi: https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1892996
  34. Winbow G (1991) Seismic sources in open and cased boreholes. Geophysics 56(7):1040–1050.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1443112 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wombell R, Jones E, Priestly D, Williams G (1999) Long offset acquisition and processing for sub-basalt imaging. In: SEG technical program expanded abstracts 1999. SEG technical program expanded abstracts. Society of Exploration Geophysicists, pp 1429–1432.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1820785
  36. Yang Q, Chang J, Xu G (2009) Study on shooting mechanism of seismic waves in limestone exposed area. Oil Geophys Prospect 44(4):399–405.  https://doi.org/10.13810/j.cnki.issn.1000-7210.2009.04.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Yin Q, Pan D, Yu J, Liu S (2014) 3D RVSP multihole united exploration technology in coal mine goaf detection. J China Coal Soc 39(7):1338–1344.  https://doi.org/10.13225/j.cnki.jccs.2013.1158 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zhou B, Hatherly P, Peters T, Sun W (2014) Coal seismic surveying over near-surface basalts: experience from Central Queensland, Australia. GEOPHYSICS 79(2):B109–B122.  https://doi.org/10.1190/geo2013-0259.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhu X, Sixta D, Angstman B (1992) Tomostatics: turning-ray tomography + static corrections. In: SEG technical program expanded abstracts 1992, pp 1108–1111.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1821921
  40. Ziolkowski A, Hanssen P, Gatliff R, Jakubowicz H, Dobson A, Hampson G, Li X-Y, Liu E (2003) Use of low frequencies for sub-basalt imaging. Geophys Prospect 51(3):169–182.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2478.2003.00363.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences & Polish Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mingshun Hu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dongming Pan
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Juanjuan Li
    • 4
  • Hui Zhang
    • 2
    • 5
  • Shouhua Dong
    • 2
  • Shenen Chen
    • 6
  • Yongzhong Xu
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Gas and Fire Control for Coal MinesChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Resource and GeosciencesChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina
  4. 4.IoT Perception Mine Research CenterChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina
  5. 5.Institute of Applied GeophysicsYankuang GroupZouchengChina
  6. 6.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA

Personalised recommendations