Acta Geophysica

, Volume 66, Issue 6, pp 1485–1494 | Cite as

Developing nonlinear models for sediment load estimation in an irrigation canal

  • Fahad AhmedEmail author
  • Muhammad Hassan
  • Hashim Nisar Hashmi
Research Article - Hydrology


The study was performed to estimate the weekly sediment load in Thal canal located in Mianwali district Punjab, Pakistan. Past records of sediments and discharge have been considered as the input parameters. The best input combinations have been identified with the help of advanced algorithms including full, sequential and increasing embedding, genetic algorithm and hill climbing in combination with the gamma test. Model training has been carried out using two artificial neural network-based algorithms, namely Broyden–Fletcher–Goldfarb–Shanno (BFGS), back-propagation and a local linear regression technique. A variety of statistical parameters including R square, root mean squared error, mean square error and mean bias error (MBE) has been calculated in order to evaluate the best models. The results strongly suggested that BFGS-based model performed better than all other models with remarkably low values of MBE. Significantly high values of correlation coefficient (R square) in both training and testing evidenced a close similarity between actual and predicted sediment load values for the same model.


Artificial neural networks Gamma test Sediment load Training Testing 


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Copyright information

© Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences & Polish Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fahad Ahmed
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammad Hassan
    • 2
  • Hashim Nisar Hashmi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and TechnologyUniversity of SargodhaSargodhaPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringMirpur University of Science and TechnologyAzad KashmirPakistan
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of Engineering and Technology TaxilaTaxilaPakistan

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