Current Medical Science

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 127–133 | Cite as

Reliability and Validity of Simplified Chinese STOP-BANG Questionnaire in Diagnosing and Screening Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome

  • Yuan-yuan Hu
  • Yang YuEmail author
  • Zhi-bin Wang
  • Chang Liu
  • Yong-hua Cui
  • Wei-min Xiao


The main purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the simplified Chinese STOP-BANG Questionnaire (SBQ) as a diagnosing and screening tool for obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Two hundred and ten patients with suspected OSAHS were recruited in this study. The simplified Chinese SBQ was completed twice before and after polysomnography (PSG) monitoring. SPSS 20.0 was used to analyze the test-retest reliability, discriminant validity, comparative validity and predictive validity of the SBQ. Fourteen patients were excluded on account of fragmentary data, and valid 196 were divided into four groups: non-OSAHS group (n=28, 14.29%), mild OSAHS group (n=28, 14.29%), moderate OSAHS group (n=31, 15.81%) and severe OSAHS group (n=109, 55.61%). The test-retest coefficient for the first four items was 0.810, 0.679, 0.775, 0.963 respectively and the total score of the STOP questionnaire was 0.854. The analysis of discriminant validity revealed that there were significant differences among four groups in the total score of the SBQ and scores of item 1, 3, 7 and 8, which were also validated between patients with normal blood oxygen saturation and different degrees of hypoxemia. The SBQ evaluation showed low consistency with diagnostic gold standard PSG (κ=0.303, P<0.05). When taking apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥5/h, ≥15/h and ≥30/h as cut-offs to evaluate the SBQ predictive value, the areas under ROC curve were 0.77, 0.81 and 0.78, the sensitivity was 90.48%, 93.57% and 93.33%, and corresponding negative predictive values were 40.74%, 66.67% and 85.19%, respectively. It was suggested that the simplified Chinese version of SBQ had good reliability, and could distinguish the severity of OSAHS. Despite its limited diagnostic accuracy, the SBQ can be considered as an ideal tool for screening OSAHS with superior predictive validity.

Key words

STOP-BANG questionnaire polysomnography obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome screening 


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Copyright information

© Huazhong University of Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuan-yuan Hu
    • 1
  • Yang Yu
    • 2
    Email author
  • Zhi-bin Wang
    • 2
  • Chang Liu
    • 3
  • Yong-hua Cui
    • 2
  • Wei-min Xiao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anaesthesiology, Institute of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical CollegeHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical CollegeHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  3. 3.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyWuhan No. 4 HospitalWuhanChina

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