Current Medical Science

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 834–839 | Cite as

Robotic-assisted Laparoscopic Nephrectomy with Vein Thrombectomy: Initial Experience and Outcomes from a Single Surgeon

  • Xin-wen Ke
  • Xing Zeng
  • Xian Wei
  • Yuan-qing Shen
  • Jia-hua Gan
  • Ji-hua Tian
  • Zhi-quan HuEmail author


This study was designed to explore the safety and feasibility of robotic-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy with vein thrombectomy (RAL-NVT) for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with venous tumor thrombus (VTT). Clinical data of 6 patients treated with RAL-NVT between July 2016 and November 2017 in our hospital were retrospectively collected and analyzed. There were 5 males and 1 female with their age ranging from 48 years to 68 years. Five renal tumors were right-sided and one left-sided. Three cases fell in level 0 VTT, one in level I and two in level II. Preoperative imaging revealed lymph node involvement in 1 case and distant metastasis in 2 cases. For RCC with level 0 VTT, the renal vein of the affected side was adequately and carefully dissected around the thrombus to the proximity of inferior vena cava (IVC) and was ligated with Hem-o-loks without cross-clamping the IVC. For level I and II VTT, the IVC was crossclamped cephalically and caudally around the tumor thrombus and all tributaries were sequentially blocked to ensure the safe retrieval of VTT. All operations were successfully completed without conversion to open operation. The mean operative time was 150 (115–230) min. Cross-clamping of the IVC happened in 3 cases, and the blocking time was 14, 19 and 20 min, respectively. The mean estimated blood loss during the operation was 400 (200–580) mL. The peritoneal drainage tube was removed 5 to 9 days after the operation, and all patients were postoperatively discharged at 6 to 11 days. Postoperative pathological analysis confirmed that the RCCs were comprised of 4 clear cell RCCs, 1 papillary cell RCC, and 1 medullary cell RCC; 2 cases were Fuhrman grade II, 3 cases grade III, and 1 case undefined grade. No recurrence or progression was observed during the follow-up of 4.2 (3–6) months. We concluded that RAL-NVT is highly challenging but safe and feasible for the treatment of RCC with VTT.

Key words

robotics laparoscopy renal cell carcinoma venous tumor thrombus thrombectomy 


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Copyright information

© Huazhong University of Science and Technology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin-wen Ke
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xing Zeng
    • 1
  • Xian Wei
    • 1
  • Yuan-qing Shen
    • 1
  • Jia-hua Gan
    • 1
  • Ji-hua Tian
    • 1
  • Zhi-quan Hu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical CollegeHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhaChina
  2. 2.Department of Urologythe Central Hospital of WuhanWuhanChina

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