Effects of mitogen-activated protein kinase signal pathway on heat shock protein 27 expression in human lens epithelial cells exposed to sodium salicylate in vitro

  • Zhi Wang (王 智)
  • Ruiying Gao (高瑞莹)
  • Yukan Huang (黄渝侃)
  • Bo Tian (田 博)
  • Yanli Zhou (周龑莉)
Article

Summary

The roles of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathway in sodium salicylate-induced expression of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) in human lens epithelial cells (HLECs-B3) in vitro were investigated. HLECs-B3 were incubated in the fresh media containing sodium salicylate at different concentrations for different durations, and allowed to be recovered in fresh medium without sodium salicylate for different durations with or without pretreatment with p38MAPK inhibitor (SB203580), ERK1/2 inhibitor (PD98059) and JNK/SAPK inhibitor (SP600125). The expression of P38MAPK, ERK1/2, JNK/SAPK, phosphorylated P38MAPK, phosphorylated ERK1/2, phosphorylated JNK/SAPK and HSP27 was detected by Western blot. The expression of HSP27 mRNA and protein was detected by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry respectively. It was found there was only weak expression of HSP27 in normal HLECs. The expression of HSP27 was not detectable in HLECs-B3 that were exposed to sodium salicylate (55 mmol/L) for 1–5 h. It was indicated that recovery from sodium salicylate (>35 mmol/L) significantly increased the synthesis of HSP27. The expression of HSP27 was up-regulated in HLECs-B3 under sodium salicylate recovery for 3 h, reached the peak level for 6 h, and returned to the level of control cells by 24 h. Activation of P38MAPK from sodium salicylate stimulation occurred at 30th min, and increased significantly at 1st h, then declined and returned to baseline level at 3rd h under sodium salicylate recovery. Activation of ERK1/2 occurred at 1st h and reached the peak level at 6th h under sodium salicylate recovery. However, JNK/SAPK was inactivated by sodium salicylate. The expression of HSP27 could be down-regulated with the pretreatment of SB203580 and PD98059 jointly. It is concluded that sodium salicylate can induce the expression of HSP27 in HLECs-B3. The effects are mediated, at least in part, through the activation of P38MAPK and ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

Key words

sodium salicylate human lens epithelial cells mitogen-activated protein kinase heat shock protein 

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Copyright information

© Huazhong University of Science and Technology and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhi Wang (王 智)
    • 1
  • Ruiying Gao (高瑞莹)
    • 1
  • Yukan Huang (黄渝侃)
    • 1
  • Bo Tian (田 博)
    • 1
  • Yanli Zhou (周龑莉)
    • 2
  1. 1.Deppartment of Ophthalmology, Union Hospital of Tongji Medical CollegeHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.Aier Eye HospitalWuhanChina

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