Preparation of Functionalized Graphene Nano-platelets and Use for Adsorption of Pb2+ from Solution

  • Zhibo Sheng (盛智博)
  • Ming Cao (曹明莉)Email author
  • Yin Hong
  • Shengniang Wang
  • Zhihong Fan
  • Jianbo Xiong
  • Haicheng Yang
  • Chunlin Deng
Advanced Materials


Functionalized graphene nano-platelets (FGN) were obtained via treating graphene nanoplatelets (GN) with HNO3, and served as adsorbent for the removal of Pb2+ from solutions. We investigated the FGN adsorption capacity for Pb2+ at different initial concentrations, varying pH, contact time and temperature. The characterization results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermal analysis (TG/DTG), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method indicated that FGN layers were thin and possess large specific area with oxygen-containing functional groups grafted onto their surface. Meanwhile, the determined equilibrium adsorption capacity of FGN for Pb2+ was 57.765 mg/g and adsorption isotherms well confirmed to Langmuir isotherms models. The results reveals that the FGN has better effect of water treatment.

Key words

functionalized graphene nano-platelets water treatment adsorption 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Hou W, Zhang Y, Liu T, et al. Graphene Oxide Coated Quartz Sand as a High Performance Adsorption Material in the Application of Water treatment[J]. Rsc. Advances, 2015, 5(11): 8 037–8 043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Fowler BA, Nordberg GF, Nordberg M and Friberg L. Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals[M]. Academic Press, 2011Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Bhatnagar A, Sillanpää M. Utilization of Agro–industrial and Municipal Waste Materials as Potential Adsorbents for Water Treatment–A Review[J]. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2010, 157(2): 277–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Verma VK, Tewari S, Rai JP. Ion Exchange during Heavy Metal Bio–sorption from Aqueous Solution by Dried Biomass of Macrophytes [J]. Bioresource Technology, 2008, 99(6): 1 932–1 938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Mauchauffée S, Meux E. Use of Sodium Decanoate for Selective Precipitation of Metals Contained in Industrial Wastewater[J]. Chemosphere, 2007, 69(5): 763–768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Qdais HA, Moussa H. Removal of Heavy Metals from Wastewater by Membrane Processes: A Comparative Study[J]. Desalination, 2004, 164(2): 105–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Otero JA, Mazarrasa O, Otero–Fernández A, et al. Treatment of Wastewater. Removal of Heavy Metals by Nanofiltration. Case Study: Use of TFC Membranes to Separate Cr (VI) in Industrial Pilot Plant[J]. Procedia Engineering, 2012, 44: 2 020–2 022Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Gupta VK, Ali I. Utilisation of Bagasse Fly Ash (a sugar industry waste) for the Removal of Copper and Zinc from Wastewater[J]. Separation & Purification Technology, 2000, 18(2): 131–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Ansari MI, Malik A. Biosorption of Nickel and Cadmium by Metal Resistant Bacterial Isolates from Agricultural Soil Irrigated with Industrial Wastewater[J]. Bioresource Technology, 2007, 98(16): 3 149–3 153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Li YH, Di Z, Ding J, et al. Adsorption Thermodynamic, Kinetic and Desorption Studies of Pb2+ on Carbon Nanotubes[J]. Water Research, 2005, 39(4): 605–609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Yong W, Wang F, Tao W, et al. Enhanced Adsorption of Pb(II) Ions from Aqueous Solution by Persimmon Tannin–activated Carbon Composites [J]. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology–Materials Science Edition), 2013, 28(4): 650–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Geim AK, Novoselov KS. The Rise of Graphene[J]. Nanoscience and Technology: A Collection of Reviews from Nature Journals, 2009: 11–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Jiang JW, Wang JS, Li B. Thermal Conductance of Graphene and Dimerite [J]. Physical Review B Condensed Matter, 2009, 79(20): 14–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Li X, Wang X, Zhang L, et al. Chemically Derived, Ultrasmooth Graphene Nanoribbon Semiconductors[J]. Science, 2008, 319(5867): 1 229–1 232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Lee G, Kim BS. Biological Reduction of Graphene Oxide Using Plant Leaf Extracts[J]. Biotechnology Progress, 2014, 30(2): 463–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Sreeprasad TS, Maliyekkal SM, Lisha KP, et al. Reduced Graphene Oxide–metal/Metal Oxide Composites: Facile Synthesis and Application in Water Purification[J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2011, 186(1): 921CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Zhao G, Li J, Ren X, et al. Few–Layered Graphene Oxide Nanosheets As Superior Sorbents for Heavy Metal Ion Pollution Management[J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2011, 45(24): 10 454–10 462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Carpio IEM, Mangadlao JD, Hang NN, et al. Graphene Oxide Functionalized with Ethylenediamine Triacetic Acid for Heavy Metal Adsorption and Anti–microbial Applications[J]. Carbon, 2014, 77(10): 289–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Deng X, Lü L, Li H, et al. The Adsorption Properties of Pb(II) and Cd(II) on Functionalized Graphene Prepared by Electrolysis Method[J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2010, 183(1–3): 923Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Rosca ID, Watari F, Uo M, et al. Oxidation of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes by Nitric Acid[J]. Carbon, 2005, 43(15): 3 124–3 131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Botas C, Álvarez P, Blanco P, et al. Graphene Materials with Different Structures Prepared from the Same Graphite by the Hummers and Brodie methods[J]. Carbon, 2013, 65(6): 156–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Hao L, Song H, Zhang L, et al. SiO2/Graphene Composite for Highly Selective Adsorption of Pb(II) Ion[J]. Journal of Colloid & Interface Science, 2012, 369(1): 381–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Acik M, Lee G, Mattevi C, et al. Unusual Infrared–absorption Mechanism in Thermally Reduced Graphene Oxide[J]. Nature Materials, 2010, 9(10): 840–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Marcano DC, Kosynkin DV, Berlin JM, et al. Improved Synthesis of Graphene Oxide[J]. ACS Nano, 2010, 4(8): 4 806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Hasan M, Banerjee AN, Lee M. Enhanced Thermo–optical Performance and High BET Surface Area of Graphene@PVC Nanocomposite Fibers Prepared by Simple Facile Deposition Technique: N2, Adsorption Study[J]. Journal of Industrial & Engineering Chemistry, 2015, 21: 828–834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Chang J, Zhou G, Christensen ER, et al. Graphene–based Sensors for Detection of Heavy Metals in Water: A Review[J]. Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry, 2014, 406(16): 3 957–3 975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Luo L L, Gu X X, Wu J, et al. Advances in Graphene for Adsorption of Heavy Metals in Wastewater[J]. Advanced Materials Research, 2012, 550–553: 2121–2124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Cao M, Sheng Z, Zhang H. Effect of pH Value on Graphene–containing Composite Materials for Heavy Metal Ions Adsorption[J]. Journal of Functional Materials, 2016Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    He Y, Zhang N, Gong Q, et al. Metal Nanoparticles Supported Graphene Oxide 3D Porous Monoliths and Their Excellent Catalytic Activity[J]. Materials Chemistry & Physics, 2012, 134(2–3): 585–589Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    Debnath S, Maity A, Pillay K. Magnetic Chitosan–GO Nanocomposite: Synthesis, Characterization and Batch Adsorber Design for Cr(VI) removal [J]. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2014, 2(2): 963–973CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Pavasant P, Apiratikul R, Sungkhum V, et al. Biosorption of CU2+, Cd2+, Pb2+, and Zn2+ Using Dried Marine Green Macroalga Caulerpa Lentillifera[J]. Bioresource Technology, 2006, 97(18): 2 321–2 329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Ucun H, Bayhana YK, Kaya Y, et al. Biosorption of Lead (II) from Aqueous Solution by Cone Biomass of Pinus Sylvestris[J]. Desalination, 2003, 154(3): 233–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Li YH, Wang S, Wei J, et al. Lead Adsorption on Carbon Nanotubes[J]. Chemical Physics Letters, 2002, 357(3): 263–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Wuhan University of Technology and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhibo Sheng (盛智博)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ming Cao (曹明莉)
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yin Hong
    • 3
  • Shengniang Wang
    • 1
  • Zhihong Fan
    • 1
  • Jianbo Xiong
    • 1
  • Haicheng Yang
    • 1
  • Chunlin Deng
    • 1
  1. 1.CCCC Fourth Harbor Engineering Institute Co., Ltd.GuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Dalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  3. 3.CSIRO ManufacturingClaytonAustralia

Personalised recommendations