Optimization Letters

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 445–454 | Cite as

The GLOBAL optimization method revisited

  • Tibor Csendes
  • László Pál
  • J. Oscar H. Sendín
  • Julio R. Banga
Original paper


The multistart clustering global optimization method called GLOBAL has been introduced in the 1980s for bound constrained global optimization problems with black-box type objective function. Since then the technological environment has been changed much. The present paper describes shortly the revisions and updates made on the involved algorithms to utilize the novel technologies, and to improve its reliability. We discuss in detail the results of the numerical comparison with the old version and with C-GRASP, a continuous version of the GRASP method. According to these findings, the new version of GLOBAL is both more reliable and more efficient than the old one, and it compares favorably with C-GRASP too.


Global optimization Direct methods Clustering Numerical tests 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tibor Csendes
    • 1
  • László Pál
    • 2
  • J. Oscar H. Sendín
    • 3
  • Julio R. Banga
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of InformaticsUniversity of SzegedSzegedHungary
  2. 2.Faculty of Business and HumanitiesSapientia UniversityMiercurea-CiucRomania
  3. 3.Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, IIM-CSICVigoSpain

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