pp 1–7 | Cite as

Controllable synthesis of 3D porous SnO2/carbon towards enhanced lithium-ion batteries

  • Zhanyuan Tian
  • Jiawei Zhao
  • Bing Li
  • Yangyang Feng
  • Jiangxuan SongEmail author
  • Chunming Niu
  • Le ShaoEmail author
  • Wenxue ZhangEmail author
Original Paper


In this report, the watermelon-like SnO2 nanoparticles embedded in the three-dimensional (3D) porous carbon matrix are successfully fabricated through a simple one-pot strategy. In this nano-architecture, the carbon with sufficient void space is uniformly mixed with the SnO2, while the adjacent SnO2 particles are separated by carbon. The special 3D architecture can not only protect the SnO2 particles from agglomeration but also improve the conductivity when compared with independent SnO2. Moreover, the carbon matrix with numerous void space can efficiently buffer the volume change and separate SnO2 nanoparticles, leading to excellent cyclic stability. When applied in lithium-ion battery (LIBs), the produced 3D porous SnO2/C composite exhibited a high specific capacity of ~ 513 mAh/g with outstanding cyclic stability of 92.5% capacity retention after 250 cycles at the current density of 250 mA/g.


SnO2 Watermelon-like Porous carbon Li-ion battery 


Funding information

This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51602250 and 21875181), the 111 Project 2.0 of China (BP2018008), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation Funded Project (Grant No. 2018 M631149), National Postdoctoral Program for Innovative Talents (Grant No. BX20180241), and Postdoctoral Science Foundation of Shaanxi province.

Supplementary material

11581_2019_3426_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (538 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 538 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Nanomaterials for Renewable Energy, State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, School of Electrical EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringChang’an UniversityXi’anChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of MaterialsXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  4. 4.Shaanxi Coal and Chemical Technology Institute Co., Ltd.Xi’anChina

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