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Octahedral Pt-Ni nanoparticles prepared by pulse-like hydrothermal method for oxygen reduction reaction

  • Zhaoyi Yang
  • Meng Wang
  • Guicheng LiuEmail author
  • Ming Chen
  • Feng Ye
  • Weibin Zhang
  • Woochul Yang
  • Xindong WangEmail author
Original Paper
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

Herein, the pulse temperature is provided during the nucleation period of the nanoparticles to shorten the nucleation time for Pt-based nanoparticle growth. Herein, 3-nm-sized Pt-Ni alloy octahedral catalysts were prepared by pulse-like hydrothermal method. The influence of the pulse on nucleation is demonstrated by comparing the morphology obtained from the conditions of constant temperature and pulse temperature. It has been found that pulse temperature could decrease the nucleation time, and the final morphology of the nanoparticle is different due to the different growth temperatures and times. When used in oxygen reduction reaction, the octahedron Pt-Ni exhibited a 50 mV positive shift of the half-wave potential and the mass-specific activity and area-specific activity are 5 and 7 times higher than that of commercial 40% Pt/C at 0.9 V. Through this way, kinds of multiple alloy compounds could be composed with less time in the future.

Graphical abstract

Nanoparticle growth includes two parts, nucleation and growth. Herein, the pulse temperature is provided during the nucleation period to shorten the nucleation time. The 3-nm-sized Pt-Ni alloy octahedral catalysts have been prepared by temperature pulse hydrothermal method. Schematic of the nanoparticle growth via different nucleation processes: (a) at constant 170 °C, (b) at 170 °C with first 180 °C for 20 min, and (c) at constant 180 °C.

Keywords

Pt-Ni alloy Nanoparticles Temperature pulse Oxygen reduction reaction Electrochemical active surface area 

Notes

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the Nature Science Foundation of Beijing (L172024), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21476246), the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIT) (2019R1C1C1006310, 2019R1A2C1002844), the Ministry of Education, South Korea (2016R1A6A1A03012877), and State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, Donghua University.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhaoyi Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Meng Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guicheng Liu
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Ming Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Feng Ye
    • 5
  • Weibin Zhang
    • 6
  • Woochul Yang
    • 3
  • Xindong Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced MetallurgyUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsDongguk UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Physical ChemistryUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Condition Monitoring and Control for Power Plant Equipment of MOESchool of Energy Power and Mechanical Engineering, North China Electric Power UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.School of Physics and Optoelectronic EngineeringYangtze UniversityJingzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  6. 6.State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer MaterialsDonghua UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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