, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 6123–6133 | Cite as

Enhancing the electrochemical and antibacterial characteristics of cation exchange membrane by using synthesized (GO-co-Ag) nanoplates

  • Akbar Zendehnam
  • Maryam Azarnik
  • Arman Zendehnam
  • Somayyeh Ghazanfarpour
  • Jiangnan Shen
  • Bart Van der Bruggen
  • Sayed Mohsen HosseiniEmail author
Original Paper


Electrodialysis cation exchange membranes were modified by incorporating [graphene oxide (GO)-co-Ag] composite nanoplates. The [GO-co-Ag] composite nanoplates were prepared by magnetron sputtering technique assisted with plasma treatment. XRD pattern and SEM image confirmed [GO-co-Ag] formation decisively. SEM, EDX, and SOM images showed relatively uniform surface for prepared membranes. Use of [GO-co-Ag] caused to formation of a compact structure for the blended membranes. The cross-sectional SEM images exhibited a specific direction for [GO-co-Ag], which at nanoscale position. The membrane surface wettability was improved by incorporating of [GO-co-Ag]. Membrane water content, transport number, and permselectivity were enhanced initially by utilizing of [GO-co-Ag] up to 0.5 wt% and then decreased by more concentration. Flux and E-conductivity enhanced sharply by using of [GO-co-Ag]. Use of [GO-co-Ag] into membrane matrix also caused to enhancement of mechanical resistance whereas declines the chemical oxidative stability. Results showed good antibacterial ability for blended membranes in E. coli removal.


Ion exchange membrane [GO-co-Ag] composite nanoplates Magnetron sputtering technique Plasma treatment Intensified electrochemical properties/antibacterial effect 


Funding information

This research is financially supported by the Arak University.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akbar Zendehnam
    • 1
  • Maryam Azarnik
    • 1
  • Arman Zendehnam
    • 2
  • Somayyeh Ghazanfarpour
    • 1
  • Jiangnan Shen
    • 3
  • Bart Van der Bruggen
    • 4
    • 5
  • Sayed Mohsen Hosseini
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Thin film laboratory, Department of Physics, Faculty of SciencesArak UniversityArakIran
  2. 2.Graduate Faculty of EnvironmentUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  3. 3.Center for Membrane Separation and Water Science & Technology, Ocean CollegeZhejiang University of TechnologyHangzhouChina
  4. 4.Process Engineering for Sustainable Systems Section, Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  5. 5.Faculty of Engineering and the Built EnvironmentTshwane University of TechnologyPretoriaSouth Africa
  6. 6.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringArak UniversityArakIran

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