Advertisement

Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 5769–5778 | Cite as

SnO2 nano-particles imbedded in graphene bulk as anode material for lithium-ion batteries

  • Xiaoyan Hua
  • Yuwei Shen
  • Shaojun ShiEmail author
Original Paper
  • 57 Downloads

Abstract

SnO2 is recently considered as one of the most promising candidates for anode material of lithium-ion batteries(LIBs). However, its poor electronic conductivity and serious volume effect limit its application. Here, SnO2 nano-particles are imbedded in porous graphene bulk through destabilized solvothermal reaction. High weight loading of SnO2 (91.5 wt%) and larger surface area of 202.1 m2 g−1 are obtained to ensure high specific capacities. Thus, high reversible discharge/charge capacities of 1361/1341 mAh g−1 remained after 100 cycles at 0.2 A g−1. Even at 2.0 A g−1, SnO2/graphene still delivers high reversible discharge/charge capacities of 1010/1002 mAh g−1 with a capacity retention of 91% after 300 cycles. Such excellent property is ascribed to special hierarchical structure, which not only offers a rapid electron transfer meshwork but also plays as an efficient buffer to release the serious inner stress from the volumetric effect.

Keywords

Tin oxide Graphene Hierarchical structure Stirring solvothermal reaction Lithium-ion battery 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the supports of the National Natural Science Youth Foundation of China (Grant No. 21701017), Natural Science Youth Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China (Grant No. BK20160404), and Qinglan Project of Jiangsu Universities.

Funding

This study was funded by Grant No. 21701017, BK20160404.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11581_2019_3131_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (559 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 559 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Shi SJ, Wang T, Cao M, Wang J, Zhao M, Yang G (2016) Rapid self-assembly spherical Li1.2Mn0.56Ni0.16Co0.08O2 with improved performances by microwave hydrothermal method as cathode for lithium-ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:11476–11487PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shi SJ, Zhang S, Wu Z, Wang T, Zong J, Zhao M, Yang G (2017) Full microwave synthesis of advanced Li-rich manganese based cathode material for lithium ion batteries. J Power Sources 337:82–91Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tarascon JM, Armand M (2001) Issues and challenges facing rechargeable lithium batteries. Nature 414:359–367PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li Z, Lv W, Zhang C, Qin J, Wei W, Shao J-J, Wang D-W, Li B, Kang F, Yang Q-H (2014) Nanospace-confined formation of flattened Sn sheets in pre-seeded graphenes for lithium ion batteries. Nanoscale 6:9554–9558PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Goodenough JB (2015) Energy storage materials: a perspective. Energy Storage Mater 1:158–161Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Xia X, Deng S, Xie D, Wang Y, Feng S, Wu J, Tu J (2018) Boosting sodium ion storage by anchoring MoO2 on vertical graphene arrays. J Mater Chem A 6:15546–15552Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yao Z, Xia X, Xie D, Wang Y, Zhou C-A, Liu S, Deng S, Wang X, Tu J (2018) Enhancing ultrafast lithium ion storage of Li4Ti5O12 by tailored TiC/C core/shell skeleton plus nitrogen doping. Adv Funct Mater 28:1802756Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Xia X, Deng S, Feng S, Wu J, Tu J (2017) Hierarchical porous Ti2Nb10O29 nanospheres as superior anode materials for lithium ion storage. J Mater Chem A 5:21134–21139Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhong Y, Xia X, Deng S, Xie D, Shen S, Zhang K, Guo W, Wang X, Tu J (2018) Spore carbon from Aspergillus oryzae for advanced electrochemical energy storage. Adv Mater 30:1805165Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wu H, Zheng G, Liu N, Carney TJ, Yang Y, Cui Y (2012) Engineering empty space between Si nanoparticles for lithium-ion battery anodes. Nano Lett 12:904–909PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lee B-S, Son S-B, Park K-M, Seo J-H, Lee S-H, Choi I-S, Oh K-H, Yu W-R (2012) Fabrication of Si core/C shell nanofibers and their electrochemical performances as a lithium-ion battery anode. J Power Sources 206:267–273Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Su H, Xu Y-F, Feng S-C, Wu Z-G, Sun X-P, Shen C-H, Wang J-Q, Li J-T, Huang L, Sun S-G (2015) Hierarchical Mn2O3 hollow microspheres as anode material of lithium ion battery and its conversion reaction mechanism investigated by XANES. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:8488–8494PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Qiu Y, Xu G-L, Yan K, Sun H, Xiao J, Yang S, Sun S-G, Jin L, Deng H (2011) Morphology-conserved transformation: synthesis of hierarchical mesoporous nanostructures of Mn2O3 and the nanostructural effects on Li-ion insertion/deinsertion properties. J Mater Chem 21:6346–6353Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li K, Shua F, Guo X, Xue D (2015) Surfactant-assisted crystallization of porous Mn2O3 anode materials for Li-ion batteries. CrystEngComm 17:5094–5100Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu L, Guo Y, Wang Y, Yang X, Wang S, Guo H (2013) Hollow NiO nanotubes synthesized by bio-templates as the high performance anode materials of lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 114:42–47Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li Q, Chen Y, Yang T, Lei D, Zhang G, Mei L, Chen L, Li Q, Wang T (2013) Preparation of 3D flower-like NiO hierarchical architectures and their electrochemical properties in lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 90:80–89Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bell J, Ye R, Ahmed K, Liu C, Ozkan M, Ozkan CS (2015) Free-standing Ni–NiO nanofiber cloth anode for high capacity and high rate Li-ion batteries. Nano Energy 18:47–56Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zheng F, Zhu D, Chen Q (2014) Facile fabrication of porous NixCo3–xO4 nanosheets with enhanced electrochemical performance as anode materials for Li-ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:9256–9264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhang M, Sun Z, Zhang T, Sui D, Ma Y, Chen Y (2016) Excellent cycling stability with high SnO2 loading on a three-dimensional graphene network for lithium ion batteries. Carbon 102:32–38Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Dai R, Sun W, Wang Y (2016) Ultrasmall tin nanodots embedded in nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon: metal-organic-framework derivation and electrochemical application as highly stable anode for Lithium ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 217:123–131Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dirican M, Yanilmaz M, Fu K, Lu Y, Kizil H, Zhang X (2014) Carbon-enhanced electrodeposited SnO2/carbon nanofiber composites as anode for lithium-ion batteries. J Power Sources 264:240–247Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Liu Z, Song T, Kim JH, Li Z, Xiang J, Lu T, Paik U (2016) Partially reduced SnO2 nanoparticles anchored on carbon nanofibers for high performance sodium-ion batteries. Electrochem Commun 72:91–95Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Deng Y, Fang C, Chen G (2016) The developments of SnO2/graphene nanocomposites as anode materials for high performance lithium ion batteries: a review. J Power Sources 304:81–101Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang C, Peng X, Guo Z, Cai C, Chen Z, Wexler D, Li S, Liu H (2012) Carbon-coated SnO2/graphene nanosheets as highly reversible anode materials for lithium ion batteries. Carbon 50:1897–1903Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zheng Y, Zhou T, Zhang C, Mao J, Liu H, Guo Z (2016) Boosted charge transfer in SnS/SnO2 heterostructures: toward high rate capability for sodium-ion batteries. Angew Chem Int Ed 55:3408–3413Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Courtney IA, Dahn JR (1997) Electrochemical and in situ X-ray diffraction studies of the reaction of Lithium with tin oxide composites. J Electrochem Soc 144:2045–2052Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Cho JS, Kang YC (2015) Nanofibers comprising yolk–shell Sn@void@SnO/SnO2 and hollow SnO/SnO2 and SnO2 nanospheres via the Kirkendall diffusion effect and their electrochemical properties. Small 11:4673–4681PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhou X, Wan LJ, Guo YG (2013) Binding SnO2 nanocrystals in nitrogen-doped graphene sheets as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. Adv Mater 25:2152–2157PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wu C, Maier J, Yu Y (2015) Sn-based nanoparticles encapsulated in a porous 3D graphene network: advanced anodes for high-rate and long life Li-ion batteries. Adv Funct Mater 25:3488–3496Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wang X, Cao X, Bourgeois L, Guan H, Chen S, Zhong Y, Tang DM, Li H, Zhai T, Li L, Bando Y, Golberg D (2012) N-doped graphene-SnO2 sandwich paper for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Adv Funct Mater 22:2682–2690Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Huang JY, Zhong L, Wang CM, Sullivan JP, Xu W, Zhang LQ, Mao SX, Hudak NS, Liu XH, Subramanian A, Fan H, Qi L, Kushima A, Li J (2010) In situ observation of the electrochemical lithiation of a single SnO2 nanowire electrode. Science 330:1515–1520PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Kim H, Park GO, Kim Y, Muhammad S, Yoo J, Balasubramanian M, Cho Y-H, Kim M-G, Lee B, Kang K, Kim H, Kim JM, Yoon W-S (2014) New insight into the reaction mechanism for exceptional capacity of ordered mesoporous SnO2 electrodes via synchrotron-based X-ray analysis. Chem Mater 26:6361–6370Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kim C, Noh M, Choi M, Cho J, Park B (2005) Critical size of a nano SnO2 electrode for Li-secondary battery. Chem Mater 17:3297–3301Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Liang J, Yu XY, Zhou H, Wu HB, Ding S, Lou XW (2014) Bowl-like SnO2@carbon hollow particles as an advanced anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Angew Chem Int Ed 53:12803–12807Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Brousse T, Retoux R, Herterich U, Schleich DM (1998) Thin-film crystalline SnO2-lithium electrodes. J Electrochem Soc 145:1–4Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Paek S-M, Yoo E, Honma I (2009) Enhanced cyclic performance and lithium storage capacity of SnO2/graphene nanoporous electrodes with three-dimensionally delaminated flexible structure. Nano Lett 9:72–75PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Lou XW, Wang Y, Yuan C, Lee JY, Archer LA (2006) Template-free synthesis of SnO2 hollow nanostructures with high lithium storage capacity. Adv Mater 18:2325–2329Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    An K, Lee N, Park J, Kim SC, Hwang Y, Park J-G, Kim J-Y, Park J-H, Han MJ, Yu J, Hyeon T (2006) Synthesis, characterization, and self-assembly of pencil-shaped CoO nanorods. J Am Chem Soc 128:9753–9760PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Park MS, Wang GX, Kang YM, Wexler D, Dou SX, Liu HK (2007) Preparation and electrochemical properties of SnO2 nanowires for application in lithium-ion batteries. Angew Chem Int Ed 46:750–753Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Wu Z-S, Zhou G, Yin L-C, Ren W, Li F, Cheng H-M (2012) Graphene/metal oxide composite electrode materials for energy storage. Nano Energy 1:107–131Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Zhou D, Song W-L, Li X, Fan L-Z (2016) Hierarchical porous reduced graphene oxide/SnO2 networks as highly stable anodes for lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 207:9–15Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Prabakar SJR, Hwang YH, Bae EG, Shim S, Kim D, Lah MS, Sohn KS, Pyo M (2013) SnO2/graphene composites with self-assembled alternating oxide and amine layers for high Li-storage and excellent stability. Adv Mater 25:3307–3312PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Chen L, Ma X, Wang M, Chen C, Ge X (2016) Hierarchical porous SnO2/reduced graphene oxide composites for high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes. Electrochim Acta 215:42–49Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Liu L, Huang X, Guo X, Mao S, Chen J (2016) Decorating in situ ultrasmall tin particles on crumpled N-doped graphene for lithium-ion batteries with a long life cycle. J Power Sources 328:482–491Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Yue J, Gu X, Chen L, Wang N, Jiang X, Xu H, Yang J, Qian Y (2014) General synthesis of hollow MnO2, Mn3O4 and MnO nanospheres as superior anode materials for lithium ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 2:17421–17426Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Su L, Zhou Z, Qin X, Tang Q, Wu D, Shen P (2013) CoCO3 submicrocube/graphene composites with high lithium storage capability. Nano Energy 2:276–282Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Shi S, Deng S, Zhang M, Zhao M, Yang G (2017) Rapid microwave synthesis of self-assembled hierarchical Mn2O3 microspheres as advanced anode material for lithium ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 224:285–294Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Wang F, Jiao H, He E, Yang S, Chen Y, Zhao M, Song X (2016) Facile synthesis of ultrafine SnO2 nanoparticles embedded in carbon networks as a high-performance anode for lithium-ion batteries. J Power Sources 326:78–83Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Deng D, Lee JY (2009) Reversible storage of lithium in a rambutan-like tin–carbon electrode. Angew Chem Int Ed 48:1660–1663Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Cheng Y, Huang J, Li J, Xu Z, Cao L, Qi H (2016) Synergistic effect of the core-shell structured Sn/SnO2/C ternary anode system with the improved sodium storage performance. J Power Sources 324:447–454Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Xiao S, Pan D, Wang L, Zhang Z, Lyu Z, Dong W, Chen X, Zhang D, Chen W, Li H (2016) Porous CuO nanotubes/graphene with sandwich architecture as high-performance anodes for lithium-ion batteries. Nanoscale 8:19343–19351PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Jadhav HS, Thorat GM, Kale BB, Seo JG (2017) Mesoporous Mn2O3/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite with enhanced electrochemical performance for Li-ion battery. Dalton Trans 46:9777–9783PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Xu B, Guan X, Zhang LY, Liu X, Jiao Z, Liu X, Hu X, Zhao XS (2018) A simple route to preparing γ-Fe2O3/RGO composite electrode materials for lithium ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 6:4048–4054Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Chen B, Qian H, Xu J, Qin L, Wu Q-H, Zheng M, Dong Q (2014) Study on SnO2/graphene composites with superior electrochemical performance for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 2:9345–9352Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Li S, Xie W, Wang S, Jiang X, Peng S, He D (2014) Facile synthesis of rGO/SnO2 composite anodes for lithium ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 2:17139–17145Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Wang T, Shi S, Li Y, Zhao M, Chang X, Wu D, Wang H, Peng L, Wang P, Yang G (2016) Study of microstructure change of carbon nanofibers as binder-free anode for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:33091–33101PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Jiang Y, Yuan T, Sun W, Yan M (2012) Electrostatic spray deposition of porous SnO2/graphene anode films and their enhanced lithium-storage properties. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:6216–6220PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Cong H-P, Xin S, Yu S-H (2015) Flexible nitrogen-doped graphene/SnO2 foams promise kinetically stable lithium storage. Nano Energy 13:482–490Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Ma X-H, Wan Q-Y, Huang X, Ding C-X, Jin Y, Guan Y-B, Chen C-H (2014) Synthesis of three-dimensionally porous MnO thin films for lithium-ion batteries by improved electrostatic spray deposition technique. Electrochim Acta 121:15–20Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Wang R, Xu C, Sun J, Gao L, Yao H (2014) Solvothermal-induced 3D macroscopic SnO2/nitrogen-doped graphene aerogels for high capacity and long-life lithium storage. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:3427–3436PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Liu C-L, Wang Y, Zhang C, Li X-S, Dong W-S (2014) In situ synthesis of α-MoO3/graphene composites as anode materials for lithium ion battery. Mater Chem Phys 143:1111–1118Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Lindström H, Södergren S, Solbrand A, Rensmo H, Hjelm J, Hagfeldt A, Lindquist S-E (1997) Li+ ion insertion in TiO2 (anatase). 2. Voltammetry on nano-porous films. J Phys Chem B 101:7717–7722Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jiangsu Laboratory of Advanced Functional MaterialChangshu Institute of TechnologyChangshuChina

Personalised recommendations