, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 5769–5778 | Cite as

SnO2 nano-particles imbedded in graphene bulk as anode material for lithium-ion batteries

  • Xiaoyan Hua
  • Yuwei Shen
  • Shaojun ShiEmail author
Original Paper


SnO2 is recently considered as one of the most promising candidates for anode material of lithium-ion batteries(LIBs). However, its poor electronic conductivity and serious volume effect limit its application. Here, SnO2 nano-particles are imbedded in porous graphene bulk through destabilized solvothermal reaction. High weight loading of SnO2 (91.5 wt%) and larger surface area of 202.1 m2 g−1 are obtained to ensure high specific capacities. Thus, high reversible discharge/charge capacities of 1361/1341 mAh g−1 remained after 100 cycles at 0.2 A g−1. Even at 2.0 A g−1, SnO2/graphene still delivers high reversible discharge/charge capacities of 1010/1002 mAh g−1 with a capacity retention of 91% after 300 cycles. Such excellent property is ascribed to special hierarchical structure, which not only offers a rapid electron transfer meshwork but also plays as an efficient buffer to release the serious inner stress from the volumetric effect.


Tin oxide Graphene Hierarchical structure Stirring solvothermal reaction Lithium-ion battery 



The authors acknowledge the supports of the National Natural Science Youth Foundation of China (Grant No. 21701017), Natural Science Youth Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China (Grant No. BK20160404), and Qinglan Project of Jiangsu Universities.


This study was funded by Grant No. 21701017, BK20160404.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11581_2019_3131_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (559 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 559 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jiangsu Laboratory of Advanced Functional MaterialChangshu Institute of TechnologyChangshuChina

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