, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 5333–5340 | Cite as

Preparation of PAN-based carbon fiber/Co3O4 composite and potential application in structural lithium-ion battery anodes

  • Qigang Han
  • Wenqiang Zhang
  • Zhiwu Han
  • Shichao Niu
  • Junqiu Zhang
  • Fangxue Wang
  • Xiang Li
  • Di Geng
  • Ge YuEmail author
Original Paper


Lightweight polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based carbon fiber can give volume and mass savings, which has been considered as a promising anode material for structural lithium-ion batteries (SLIBs). However, the current issue is the limitation of low capacity. To improve the situation, a novel PAN-based carbon fiber/Co3O4 composite (CF/Co3O4) has been developed through a chemical deposition method. Since combining advantage of high theoretical specific capacity of Co3O4 and great electroconductivity as well as strong mechanical of carbon fiber, the prepared CF/Co3O4 shows excellent performances as an anode material for SLIBs. It presents a coulombic efficiency of over 99% and stable cyclic ability. Even if the number of cycles reaches to 150, a steady discharge reversible capacity up to 625 mAh g−1 can be retained, approximately 2.7 times as much as pure CF (~ 230 mAh g−1). The improved cycling stability of CF/Co3O4 can be owed to the interactions between CF and Co3O4 anchored on the CF. Furthermore, a solid polymer electrolyte was also prepared with the flexibility, which shows a steady discharge reversible capacity of 500 mAh g−1 at 100 mA g−1. The paper provides an affordable method to solve the problem of the limitation of capacity in current SLIBs when using commercial carbon fibers as anode materials.


Structural lithium-ion batteries PAN-based carbon fiber composite Co3O4 


Funding information

This work is supported by the National Science Foundation of China (project nos. 51475207 and 51835006), the Scientific and Technological Development Program of Changchun City (Double Ten Project-19SS001), the Science and Technology Development Program of Jilin Province (Technology R&D Project-20190302021GX), the Industrial Technology Research and Development Funds of Jilin Province (project no. 2019C041-1), and the Jilin Province/Jilin University Co-construction Project-Funds for New Materials (project no. SXGJSF2017-3).

Supplementary material

11581_2019_3124_MOESM1_ESM.doc (3.4 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 3451 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qigang Han
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wenqiang Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhiwu Han
    • 3
  • Shichao Niu
    • 3
  • Junqiu Zhang
    • 3
  • Fangxue Wang
    • 1
  • Xiang Li
    • 1
  • Di Geng
    • 1
  • Ge Yu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Roll Forging Research Institute, School of Materials Science and Engineering (Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials, Ministry of Education)Jilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Automotive Simulation and ControlJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education)Jilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China

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