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Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 5361–5371 | Cite as

Hierarchical porous g-C3N4/reduced graphene oxide architecture as light-weight sulfur host material for high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries

  • Ziwei Deng
  • Qi Wang
  • Peng Song
  • Yuxi ChenEmail author
  • Xiaohong Xia
  • Hongbo Liu
Original Paper
  • 78 Downloads

Abstract

High–energy density lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries suffer from short cycling lifespan, poor rate capability, and low sulfur utilization. Here we report design and synthesis of hierarchical porous g-C3N4/reduced graphene oxide (r-GO) as light-weight sulfur host material for Li-S batteries via a poly-condensation method using silica nanoparticles as hard templates. Microstructure of the g-C3N4/r-GO architecture has been characterized. Electrochemical evaluations indicate that the g-C3N4/r-GO/S composite cathode with 75 wt% of sulfur and moderate macropore density in the host material displays the best Li-storage properties. The reversible capacity reaches 589.6 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles at a current rate of 2 C (3.35 A g−1). Especially the rate capability is excellent. Even at 3.5 C, the reversible capacity can reach 55% of the capacity at 0.2 C. This light-weight g-C3N4/r-GO architecture composed of electrical conductive r-GO layers, polar g-C3N4, and hierarchical pores is a promising sulfur host material for high-performance Li-S batteries.

Keywords

Composite Chemical synthesis Electrochemical measurements Energy storage Electrochemical properties 

Notes

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51472083).

Supplementary material

11581_2019_3119_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (337 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 337 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ziwei Deng
    • 1
  • Qi Wang
    • 1
  • Peng Song
    • 1
  • Yuxi Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiaohong Xia
    • 1
  • Hongbo Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of College of Material Science and EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaChina

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