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Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 5163–5175 | Cite as

Improved performance and durability of sulfonated polyether ether ketone/cerium phosphate composite membrane for proton exchange membrane fuel cells

  • Alpay SahinEmail author
  • H. Mehmet Tasdemir
  • İrfan Ar
Original Paper
  • 74 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, a new cerium phosphate (CePO4)-doped sulfonated polyether ether ketone (SPEEK) composite membranes were synthesized by using solution casting method with different CePO4 loading. Their performance and durability were investigated for proton exchange membranes fuel cells. Different techniques, namely Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dynamic mechanical tests (DMA), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analyses were used to characterize the synthesized membranes. Water uptake (WU) and swelling properties as well as ion exchange capacities (IEC) of synthesized membranes were also determined. Fuel cell performance, durability, and Fenton tests for oxidative stability of the synthesized membranes were also investigated. Experimental results showed that addition of CePO4 up to 10% by weight improved the membrane properties. 10 wt% CePO4-doped membrane possessed a good proton conductivity of 0.242 S/cm at 80 °C. Current and power densities of this membrane were obtained as 790 mA/cm2 and 474 mW/cm2, respectively, at 0.6 V cell potential and 80 °C fuel cell temperature. OCV decrement value of this membrane was 5.93%. When the performance and durability properties of 10% CePO4-doped membrane is compared to commercial Nafion membrane, it could be a good alternative for proton exchange membrane fuel cells.

Keywords

Composite membrane Durability Long-term steady-state test PEMFC OCV variation Sulfonated polyether ether ketone 

Notes

Funding

This study is supported by Gazi University Scientific Research Fund as BAP 06/2018-02 and BAP 06/2018-06 projects.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering of Faculty of EngineeringGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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