, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 5239–5247 | Cite as

Improving the electrochemical performance of lithium-rich cathode materials Li1.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2 by a method of tungsten doping

  • Nan Zhang
  • Yingying Sun
  • Li ZhaoEmail author
  • Jinzhu Wu
  • Changsong Dai
  • Yuxuan Li
  • Xinrong Wang
  • Fei DingEmail author
Original Paper


In order to alleviate the capacity and voltage attenuation of the Li-rich materials, a series of tungsten-doped Li1.2Mn0.54-xNi0.13Co0.13WxO2 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.04) were produced through a sol-gel method. The XRD patterns exhibit a representative structure of hexagonal α-NaFeO2 and a well-layered structure. XPS index that the valence of W is 6+. From the results of charge-discharge cycling, appropriate W doping for Li-rich layered oxides can prominently raise its performance. After 100 cycles, the 0.02W-doped sample obtain a capacity retention ratio of 82.6% (154.7 mAh g−1) at 1 C, but the ratio for the pure sample only is 77.5% (121.7 mAh g−1) at the same conditions. Meanwhile, the 0.02W-doped sample can obtain the best properties at different rates. The results reveal that the modification method of W-doping can stabilize the structure of the Li-rich materials and enhance the properties.

Graphical abstract

A series of tungsten-doped Li1.2Mn0.54-xNi0.13Co0.13WxO2 (x = 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04) were produced through a sol-gel method. The 0.02W-doped sample has the most excellent electrochemical performances at different rates, especially at high rates. Meanwhile, the 0.02W-doped sample has the highest coulombic efficiency. The results indicate the strong chemical bond of W-O can mitigate the transplantation of transition metal ions, which can reduce the transformation of the layer structure during multiple charge/discharge process. Therefore, W-doping could enhance the properties of the Li-rich materials.


Lithium-ion batteries Lithium-rich layered oxides W-doped Sol-gel method 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by the foundation of National Key Laboratory (number 6142808020117C01), P.R. China.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Science and Technology on Power Sources LaboratoryTianjin Institute of Power SourcesTianjinPeople’s Republic of China

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